Nejat Mahdieh

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Identification of the pathogenic mutations underlying autosomal recessive nonsyndromic hearing loss (ARNSHL) is difficult, since causative mutations in 39 different genes have so far been reported. After excluding mutations in the most common ARNSHL gene, GJB2, via Sanger sequencing, we performed whole-exome sequencing (WES) in 30 individuals from 20(More)
GJB2 mutations are major causes of autosomal recessive nonsyndromic hearing loss (ARNSHL) in many populations. However, a few mutations have an ethnic-specific background. We performed a review by means of a meta-analysis to evaluate the influence of the 35delG on ARNSHL. A PubMed, InterScience, British Library Direct, and Sciencedirect search using(More)
Hereditary hearing loss (HHL) is a very common disorder. When inherited in an autosomal recessive manner, it typically presents as an isolated finding. Interestingly and unexpectedly, in spite of extreme heterogeneity, mutations in one gene, GJB2, are the most common cause of congenital severe-to-profound deafness in many different populations. In this(More)
Massively parallel DNA-sequencing systems provide sequence of huge numbers of different DNA strands at once. These technologies are revolutionizing our understanding in medical genetics, accelerating health-improvement projects, and ushering to a fully understood personalized medicine in near future. Whole-exome sequencing (WES) is application of the(More)
Traditional approaches for gene mapping from candidate gene studies to positional cloning strategies have been applied for Mendelian disorders. Since 2005, next-generation sequencing (NGS) technologies are improving as rapid, high-throughput and cost-effective approaches to fulfill medical sciences and research demands. Using NGS, the underlying causative(More)
BACKGROUND Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia (CAH, the inherited inability to synthesize cortisol) is one of the most common (1 in 10000 to 1 in 15000) autosomal recessive disorders. More than 95% of cases of CAH are caused by 21-hydroxylase deficiency (21-OHD). Females with severe, classic 21-OHD are exposed to excess androgens prenatally and are born with(More)
PURPOSE Autosomal recessive nonsyndromic deafness (ARNSD) is characterized by a high degree of genetic heterogeneity, with reported mutations in 58 different genes. This study was designed to detect deafness-causing variants in a multiethnic cohort with ARNSD by using whole-exome sequencing (WES). METHODS After excluding mutations in the most common gene,(More)
Mutations of 3 beta hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type II (HSD3B2) gene result in different clinical consequences. We explain a patient who demonstrated a salt wasting form of 3βHSD deficiency in infancy. Signs of hyponatremia and hyperkalemia were recognized in the infant with ambiguous genitalia and perineal hypospadias. The 46,XY male was genotyped by(More)
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is characterized by impaired biosynthesis of cortisol. 21-hydroxylase deficiency is the most common cause of CAH affecting 1 in 10000-15000 live births over the world. The frequency of the disorder is very high in Iran due to frequent consanguineous marriages. Although biochemical tests are used to confirm the clinical(More)