Nejat Düzgüneş

Learn More
Strategies used to enhance liposome-mediated drug delivery in vivo include the enhancement of stability and circulation time in the bloodstream, targeting to specific tissues or cells, and facilitation of intracytoplasmic delivery. pH-sensitive liposomes have been developed to mediate the introduction of highly hydrophilic molecules or macromolecules into(More)
Cationic liposome-DNA complexes ('lipoplexes') are used as gene delivery vehicles and may overcome some of the limitations of viral vectors for gene therapy applications. The interaction of highly positively charged lipoplexes with biological macromolecules in blood and tissues is one of the drawbacks of this system. We examined whether coating cationic(More)
Cyclodextrins and liposomes have been used in recent years as drug delivery vehicles, improving the bioavailability and therapeutic efficacy of many poorly water-soluble drugs. In this study, we used two approaches to enhance the availability of the poorly water-soluble antibiotic, clarithromycin, by inclusion complex formation and by(More)
BACKGROUND Broadly cross-reactive, neutralizing human monoclonal antibodies, including 2F5, 2G12, 4E10 and IgG1 b12, can inhibit HIV-1 infection in vitro at very low concentrations. We examined the ability of these antibodies to inhibit cell-cell fusion between Clone69TRevEnv cells induced to express the viral envelope proteins, gp120/gp41 (Env), and highly(More)
The crucial function of macrophages in a variety of biological processes and pathologies render these cells important targets for gene therapeutic interventions. Commonly used synthetic gene delivery vectors have not been successful in transfecting these non-dividing cells. A combination strategy involving cationic liposomes to condense and carry DNA,(More)
INTRODUCTION The overexpression of transferrin (Tf) receptors on cancer cells renders them a useful target for the delivery of small-molecule drugs and nucleic acid therapeutics to these cells. This approach could alleviate the non-target effects of the drugs. AREAS COVERED The function of the Tf receptor, the development of Tf-lipid-DNA complexes (Tf(More)
We have reported previously the enhancement of the infectivity of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) by liposomes composed of the cationic lipid N-[2,3-(dioleyloxy) propyl]-N,N,N-trimethylammonium chloride (DOTMA). To determine the mechanism by which this process occurs, we have investigated the role of CD4, serum concentration and liposome-cell(More)
Cationic lipids and polyamines have been used as non-viral gene transfer reagents, both in vitro and in vivo. One of the limitations to their use in vivo is the inhibition of gene delivery by serum. We showed previously that, in the absence of serum, relatively high cytotoxicity in oral cancer cell lines could be achieved via transfection of the Herpes(More)
Secretory leukocyte protease inhibitor (SLPI) has been proposed as a potential inhibitor of HIV-1 infection in human saliva. Although the ability of recombinant (r) SLPI to inhibit HIV-1 infection of macrophages and primary T-cells has been demonstrated by two independent laboratories, evidence to the contrary has also been reported. This study re-examines(More)
Clofazimine, a water insoluble substituted iminophenazine derivative with anti-mycobacterial and anti-inflammatory activity, is recommended by the WHO for the treatment of leprosy. It is also active against disseminated Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) disease in HIV-infected patients. Recently, we achieved a 4000-fold increase of clofazimine water(More)