Cyclodextrins and liposomes have been used in recent years as drug delivery vehicles, improving the bioavailability and therapeutic efficacy of many poorly water-soluble drugs. In this study, we used two approaches to enhance the availability of the poorly water-soluble antibiotic, clarithromycin, by inclusion complex formation and by… (More)
The crucial function of macrophages in a variety of biological processes and pathologies render these cells important targets for gene therapeutic interventions. Commonly used synthetic gene delivery vectors have not been successful in transfecting these non-dividing cells. A combination strategy involving cationic liposomes to condense and carry DNA,… (More)
BACKGROUND Broadly cross-reactive, neutralizing human monoclonal antibodies, including 2F5, 2G12, 4E10 and IgG1 b12, can inhibit HIV-1 infection in vitro at very low concentrations. We examined the ability of these antibodies to inhibit cell-cell fusion between Clone69TRevEnv cells induced to express the viral envelope proteins, gp120/gp41 (Env), and highly… (More)
We have reported previously the enhancement of the infectivity of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) by liposomes composed of the cationic lipid N-[2,3-(dioleyloxy) propyl]-N,N,N-trimethylammonium chloride (DOTMA). To determine the mechanism by which this process occurs, we have investigated the role of CD4, serum concentration and liposome-cell… (More)
Cationic lipids and polyamines have been used as non-viral gene transfer reagents, both in vitro and in vivo. One of the limitations to their use in vivo is the inhibition of gene delivery by serum. We showed previously that, in the absence of serum, relatively high cytotoxicity in oral cancer cell lines could be achieved via transfection of the Herpes… (More)
Background Material and Methods Results Conclusions.
Clofazimine, a water insoluble substituted iminophenazine derivative with anti-mycobacterial and anti-inflammatory activity, is recommended by the WHO for the treatment of leprosy. It is also active against disseminated Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) disease in HIV-infected patients. Recently, we achieved a 4000-fold increase of clofazimine water… (More)
Secretory leukocyte protease inhibitor (SLPI) has been proposed as a potential inhibitor of HIV-1 infection in human saliva. Although the ability of recombinant (r) SLPI to inhibit HIV-1 infection of macrophages and primary T-cells has been demonstrated by two independent laboratories, evidence to the contrary has also been reported. This study re-examines… (More)