Neil S Schaul

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In this article, we review periodic EEG patterns, which have been classified into four different types based on their interval duration (short or long) and topographic distribution (lateralized, bilaterally independent, or diffuse and synchronous). The four patterns are: (1) periodic lateralized epileptiform discharges; (2) bilateral independent periodic(More)
Localized delta activity appears in cortex overlying a circumscribed white matter lesion. Less commonly, localized delta activity may result from a localized thalamic lesion. Unilateral diffuse delta activity appears on the side of thalamic or hypothalamic lesions. Bilateral delta activity results from bilateral lesions of the midbrain tegmentum. Localized(More)
This study investigated the use of three-dimensional fast low-angle shot (FLASH) imaging and computer-assisted morphometry for identifying hippocampal changes associated with unilateral temporal lobe seizures. Contiguous 3.1-mm coronal FLASH images were obtained in 28 patients with electroencephalographically verified left (n = 17) or right (n = 11)(More)
We are at an interesting time in the evolution of the EEG. Studies are opening the door to understanding the intrinsic neuronal properties and network operations responsible for the generation of EEG oscillations. I will review some of our knowledge regarding the physiology of the normal and abnormal EEG. Both epileptic and non-epileptic activity will be(More)
OBJECTIVE This study sought to elucidate the relation of clinical, neuropsychological, and seizure variables to chronic and postictal psychoses in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy. METHOD Forty-four patients with treatment-refractory temporal lobe epilepsy were given formal psychiatric evaluations; 29 patients had no psychiatric disorder or a(More)
OBJECTIVE Cerebellar atrophy has been noted in patients with phenytoin exposure. This finding has been attributed by some investigators to seizures, but by others to phenytoin. Previous studies included patients with mental retardation and convulsive seizures. We undertook a study in a group of nonretarded patients with partial epilepsy to better elucidate(More)
OBJECTIVE Medically refractory epilepsy is amenable to neurosurgical intervention if the epileptogenic focus is accurately localized. If the scalp video-electroencephalography (EEG) and magnetic resonance imaging are nonlateralizing, yet a single focus is suspected, video-EEG monitoring with bilateral intracranial electrode placement is helpful to(More)
PURPOSE We hypothesized that acute intraoperative electrocorticography (ECoG) might identify a subset of patients with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-negative temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) who could proceed directly to standard anteromesial resection (SAMR), obviating the need for chronic electrode implantation to guide resection. METHODS Patients with(More)