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BACKGROUND National Kidney Foundation's Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative (KDOQI) guidelines offer an outline for providing standardized care for best outcomes in chronic kidney disease (CKD). It is unknown whether real-world treatment practices follow these guidelines. METHODS The Hectorol Registry Outcome in Chronic Kidney Disease (HeROICkd), an(More)
BACKGROUND Obtaining an orthopaedic surgery residency is competitive. Advisors must understand what factors may help unmatched candidates reapply successfully. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES We determined (1) the attitude of leaders of orthopaedic surgery residency programs toward interviewing unmatched students; (2) whether a surgical internship or a research year(More)
The symptomatic degenerative meniscus continues to be a source of discomfort for a significant number of patients. With vascular penetration of less than one-third of the adult meniscus, healing potential in the setting of chronic degeneration remains low. Continued hoop and shear stresses upon the degenerative meniscus results in gross failure, often in(More)
BACKGROUND One complication of TKA is postoperative anterior knee pain. Balancing retinacular tissue tension to improve patellar tracking is essential in preventing pain. Lateral release might help balance tension although the quantitative changes in patellofemoral force and pressure differentials after lateral release are unknown. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES We(More)
OBJECTIVE To elucidate mechanism of injury, nonoperative protocols, surgical techniques, rehabilitation schedules, and return to sports guidelines for partial and complete triceps tendon injuries. DATA SOURCES The PubMed and OVID databases were searched in 2010 and peer-reviewed English language articles in 2011. MAIN RESULTS After a fall on an(More)
BACKGROUND There are few data examining the short-term effects of concussions on player performance upon return to play. This study examined changes in on-field performance and the influence of epidemiologic factors on performance and return to play. HYPOTHESIS On-field performance is different in players who return within 7 days after concussion compared(More)
Patellar fractures are uncommon, representing 1% of pediatric fractures. Most of these injuries are sleeve avulsions of the inferior pole. Sleeve avulsion of the superior pole is rare, with only 14 cases reported in the English-language literature. These injuries occur in adolescents after forced knee flexion or direct anterior blow. Radiographs may reveal(More)
BACKGROUND Ulnar collateral ligament reconstruction (UCLR) is commonly performed in Major League Baseball (MLB) pitchers, but little is known about the preoperative pitch type and velocity characteristics of pitchers who go on to undergo UCLR. HYPOTHESIS Pitchers who required UCLR have thrown a greater percentage of fastballs and have greater pitch(More)
BACKGROUND Bio-impedance is the measure of impedance of the body. Impedance consists of resistance and reactance. Phase angle (PA) is the tan value of the ratio of reactance versus resistance. PA depends on cell membrane integrity and on body cell mass. Earlier studies have shown a correlation between PA values and body cell mass. Body cell mass varies in(More)
BACKGROUND Meniscal tears and associated parameniscal cysts have good outcomes after partial meniscectomy and cyst evacuation. Good outcomes have been noted after partial meniscectomy with recurrent cysts. This investigation asks if partial meniscectomy without meniscal cyst decompression is sufficient for positive patient outcome. METHODS Sixteen(More)