Learn More
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a growing family of small non-protein-coding regulatory genes that regulate the expression of homologous target-gene transcripts. They have been implicated in the control of cell death and proliferation in flies, haematopoietic lineage differentiation in mammals, neuronal patterning in nematodes and leaf and flower development in(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are generated by a two-step processing pathway to yield RNA molecules of approximately 22 nucleotides that negatively regulate target gene expression at the post-transcriptional level. Primary miRNAs are processed to precursor miRNAs (pre-miRNAs) by the Microprocessor complex. These pre-miRNAs are cleaved by the RNase III Dicer to(More)
RNA interference is implemented through the action of the RNA-induced silencing complex (RISC). Although Argonaute2 has been identified as the catalytic center of RISC, the RISC polypeptide composition and assembly using short interfering RNA (siRNA) duplexes has remained elusive. Here we show that RISC is composed of Dicer, the double-stranded RNA binding(More)
We have previously described a multiprotein complex termed the BHC or BRAF-HDAC complex, which is required for the repression of neuronal-specific genes. We have shown that the BHC complex is recruited by a neuronal silencer, REST (RE1-silencing transcription factor), and mediates the repression of REST-responsive genes. BHC is a multiprotein complex(More)
The C-terminal domain (CTD) of RNA polymerase II (RNAPII) is an essential component of transcriptional regulation and RNA processing of protein-coding genes. A large body of data also implicates the CTD in the transcription and processing of RNAPII-mediated small nuclear RNAs (snRNAs). However, the identity of the complex (or complexes) that associates with(More)
We have isolated a holoenzyme complex termed BRCC containing BRCA1, BRCA2, and RAD51. BRCC not only displays increased association with p53 following DNA damage but also ubiquitinates p53 in vitro. BRCC36 and BRCC45 are novel components of the complex with sequence homology to a subunit of the signalosome and proteasome complexes. Reconstitution of a(More)
Histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors are a promising class of anticancer agents for the treatment of solid and hematological malignancies. The precise mechanism by which HDAC inhibitors mediate their effects on tumor cell growth, differentiation, and/or apoptosis is the subject of intense research. Previously we described a family of multiprotein complexes(More)
The biochemical pathways that are disrupted in the genesis of sporadic breast cancers remain unclear. Moreover, the present prognosticating markers used to determine the prognosis of node-negative patient leads to probabilistic results, and the eventual clinical course is far from certain. Here we identified the human TREX complex, a multiprotein complex(More)
Estrogen actions are mediated by a complex interface of direct control of gene expression (the so-called "genomic action") and by regulation of cell signaling/phosphorylation cascades, referred to as the "nongenomic," or extranuclear, action. We have previously described the identification of MNAR (modulator of nongenomic action of estrogen receptor) as a(More)
Estrogens play a critical role in the regulation of cellular proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis. Evidence indicates that this regulation is mediated by a complex interface of direct control of gene expression (so-called "genomic action") and by regulation of cell-signaling/phosphorylation cascades (referred to as the "non-genomic", or(More)