Neil R. Thomas

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Atrial septal defect is one of the most common forms of congenital heart malformation. We identified a new locus linked with atrial septal defect on chromosome 14q12 in a large family with dominantly inherited atrial septal defect. The underlying mutation is a missense substitution, I820N, in alpha-myosin heavy chain (MYH6), a structural protein expressed(More)
Pyridoxal 5′-phosphate is a coenzyme for a number of enzymes which catalyse reactions at Cα of amino acid substrates including transaminases, decarboxylases and serine hydroxymethyltransferase. Using the X-ray coordinates for a transaminase, aspartate aminotransferase, and the results of stereochemical and mechanistic studies for decarboxylases and serine(More)
UDP (uridine diphosphate) galactopyranose mutase (UGM) is involved in the cell wall biosynthesis of many pathogenic microorganisms. UGM catalyzes the reversible conversion of UDP-α-D-galactopyranose into UDP-α-D-galactofuranose, with the latter being the precursor of galactofuranose (Galf) residues in cell walls. Glycoconjugates of Galf are essential(More)
UNLABELLED Staphylococcus simulans biovar staphylolyticus lysostaphin efficiently cleaves Staphylococcus aureus cell walls. The protein is in late clinical trials as a topical anti-staphylococcal agent, and can be used to prevent staphylococcal growth on artificial surfaces. Moreover, the gene has been both stably engineered into and virally delivered to(More)
Lysostaphin (EC. 3.4.24.75) is a protein secreted by Staphylococcus simulans biovar staphylolyticus and has been shown to be active against methicillin resistant S. aureus (MRSA). The design and synthesis of three internally quenched substrates for lysostaphin based on the peptidoglycan crossbridges of S. aureus, and their use in fluorescence resonance(More)
We have developed a polypeptide lysostaphin FRET (fluorescence resonance energy transfer) substrate (MV11F) for the endopeptidase activity of lysostaphin. Site-directed mutants of lysostaphin that abolished the killing activity against Staphylococcus aureus also completely inhibited the endopeptidase activity against the MV11 FRET substrate.(More)
The intracellular ileal lipid binding proteins (ILBPs) are involved in the transport and enterohepatic circulation of bile acids. ILBPs from different species show high sequence and structural homology and have been shown to bind multiple bile acid ligands with differing degrees of selectivity and positive co-operativity. Human ILBP binds bile acid(More)
The technique of hydrophobic ion pairing was used to solubilize the lipase from Candida rugosa in a fluorinated solvent, perfluoromethylcyclohexane (PFMC), in complex with a perfluoropolyether (PFPE) surfactant, KDP 4606. The enzyme-surfactant complex was determined to have a hydrodynamic diameter of 6.5 nm at atmospheric pressure by dynamic light(More)
[reaction: see text] The synthesis of the carbasugar analogue of 1,4-anhydro-beta-d-galactopyranose, a proposed intermediate in the reaction catalyzed by uridine diphosphate-alpha-d-Galp mutase, in racemic form via Diels-Alder and Barton decarboxylation chemistry is reported. This compound was found not to inhibit the mutase from Mycobacterium tuberculosis,(More)