Neil Portwood

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Numerous investigations have shown that in primary breast adenocarcinomas DNA aneuploidy in contrast to DNA diploidy indicates high malignancy potential. On the basis of the study of 104 breast carcinomas, we describe a subtype of aneuploidy, which demonstrates a low degree of malignancy. In image cytometric DNA histograms, this subtype possessed a low(More)
The high-fat diet (HFD)-fed mouse is a model of obesity, impaired glucose tolerance, and insulin resistance. The main objective of this study was to elucidate the molecular mechanisms underlying the antidiabetogenic and weight-lowering effects of 17beta-estradiol (E(2)) in this mouse model. C57BL/6 female mice (8 wk old) were fed on a HFD for 10 mo. E(2),(More)
The aim of this study was to validate the role of estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) signaling in the regulation of glucose metabolism, and to compare the molecular events upon treatment with the ERalpha-selective agonist propyl pyrazole triol (PPT) or 17beta-estradiol (E(2)) in ob/ob mice. Female ob/ob mice were treated with PPT, E(2) or vehicle for 7 or 30(More)
Glucocorticoids are diabetogenic hormones because they decrease glucose uptake, increase hepatic glucose production, and inhibit insulin release. To study the long-term effects of increased glucocorticoid sensitivity in beta-cells, we studied transgenic mice overexpressing the rat glucocorticoid receptor targeted to the beta-cells using the rat insulin I(More)
Diazoxide enhances glucose-induced insulin secretion from beta-cells through mechanisms that are not fully elucidated. Here, we used microarray analysis (Affymetrix) to investigate effects of diazoxide. Pancreatic islets were cultured overnight at 27, 11, or 5.5 mmol/l glucose with or without diazoxide. Inclusion of diazoxide upregulated altogether 211(More)
An increasing body of evidence now links estrogenic signalling with the metabolic syndrome (MS). Despite the beneficial estrogenic effects in reversing some of the MS symptoms, the underlying mechanisms remain largely undiscovered. We have previously shown that total estrogen receptor alpha (ERα) knockout (KO) mice exhibit hepatic insulin resistance. To(More)
Incretins are hormones released by nutrients from the GI tract. They amplify glucose-induced insulin release. By raising circulating incretin levels, oral glucose provokes a higher insulin response than that resulting from intravenous glucose. The two most important incretin hormones are glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) and glucagon-like(More)
Regulation of SNARE proteins by glucose in pancreatic islets is complex and insufficiently clarified. We aimed to study effects of glucose per se separate from enhancing effects on exocytosis. A 24h culture of rat islets at elevated glucose (27 mmol/L) increased t-SNARES (SNAP-25, syntaxin) (Western blotting). Co-culture with diazoxide, which inhibits(More)
The monomeric G-protein, Rhes, is a candidate imidazoline-regulated molecule involved in mediating the insulin secretory response to efaroxan [S.L. Chan, L.K. Monks, H. Gao, P. Deaville, N.G. Morgan, Identification of the monomeric G-protein, Rhes, as an efaroxan-regulated protein in the pancreatic beta-cell, Br. J. Pharmacol. 136 (1) (2002) 31-36]. This(More)
In this study we describe the reproductive phenotypes of a novel mouse model in which Cre-mediated deletion of ERα is regulated by the aP2 (fatty acid binding protein 4) promoter. ERα-floxed mice were crossed with transgenic mice expressing Cre-recombinase under the control of the aP2 promoter to generate aP2-Cre/ERα(flox/flox) mice. As expected, ERα mRNA(More)