Learn More
The aim of this investigation was to compare the repeatability of measuring enamel demineralization surrounding an orthodontic bracket using two techniques: computerized image analysis from digitally converted photographic slides and quantitative light-induced fluorescence (QLF). Fifteen human molars were halved and shaped to look like incisors. The teeth(More)
Gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) was collected from around canine teeth before orthodontic treatment, during retraction, and in retention. The aim was to investigate the changes in the flow of GCF and its glycosaminoglycan (GAG) components at these three stages of orthodontic treatment, and relate them to tooth movement, gingival inflammation, and other(More)
In this study, gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) was collected from around a canine tooth, in children, before and during orthodontic tooth movement. The aim was to identify and quantify the glycosaminoglycan (GAG) components of GCF and relate them to tooth movement, gingival inflammation, plaque accumulation, pocket probing depth and GCF volume recorded at(More)
The aim of this project was to determine the in vivo effects of tooth movement with nickel-titanium archwires on the periodontium during the early stages of orthodontic treatment. The extent of tooth movement, severity of gingival inflammation, pocket probing depth, gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) flow, and the amount of the chondroitin sulphate (CS)(More)
OBJECTIVES This study compares the use of QLF with digital imaging in the detection and quantification of the development and removal of stain on teeth. METHODS Two experimental phases, tooth staining and tooth whitening, conducted in vitro on labial 12 mm(2) enamel windows made on ten extracted bovine teeth, developed stains in 6-min cycles (2 min in(More)
INTRODUCTION Our aim was to determine predictors for the presence and degree of demineralization during orthodontic treatment. This study was a post-hoc analysis of recruits for a randomized controlled trial. Two hundred thirty patients were included in this study and assessed for demineralization at debond by using quantitative light-induced fluorescence(More)
A longitudinal and transverse study has been carried out on 22 orthodontic patients during their first year of treatment to assess levels of plaque control and gingival inflammation. The scores were of full data and the patients randomly arranged on a split mouth cross-over design to study the effects of patient oral care and selective tooth cleaning on(More)
This is Part 2 of an in vitro study investigating two techniques for recording and quantifying demineralization surrounding orthodontic brackets. In Part 1 the repeatability of computerized image analysis from digitally converted photographic slides and quantitative light-induced fluorescence (QLF) was explored. In Part 2 of the investigation the validity(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the use of computerised image analysis to measure the area of demineralisation on the buccal surface of a tooth and to analyse the effect on that measurement of varying the angle at which a photographic image of the buccal surface of a tooth is taken. METHODS Twenty-two teeth with areas of incremental demineralisation on the(More)
The reproducibility of measuring artificial enamel white spot lesions from captured photographic images using computerised image analysis was assessed. Enamel lesions were induced on the buccal surface of 22 human teeth over periods of 3, 7 and 14 days. Standardised photographs were taken from above and below the occlusal plane. These were repeated after 2(More)