Neil M. McLachlan

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The model presents neurobiologically plausible accounts of sound recognition (including absolute pitch), neural plasticity involved in pitch, loudness and location information integration, and streaming and auditory recall. It is proposed that a cortical mechanism for sound identification modulates the spectrotemporal response fields of inferior colliculus(More)
BACKGROUND Subitizing involves recognition mechanisms that allow effortless enumeration of up to four visual objects, however despite ample resolution experimental data suggest that only one pitch can be reliably enumerated. This may be due to the grouping of tones according to harmonic relationships by recognition mechanisms prior to fine pitch processing.(More)
A synchronization model of pitch processing was extended to include lateral inhibition mechanisms that have been observed in the mammalian mid brain, and information integration mechanisms consistent with observed changes to response fields of mammalian auditory cortex neurons. Model parameters for the inhibition mechanisms were adapted to fit model outputs(More)
This paper describes a neurocognitive model of pitch segregation in which it is proposed that recognition mechanisms initiate early in auditory processing pathways so that long-term memory templates may be employed to segregate and integrate auditory features. In this model neural representations of pitch height are primed by the location and pattern of(More)
The impact of colour and light conditions on our emotional and physical health and wellbeing is gaining greater importance in our urban societies. While large resources are allocated for well designed buildings with the right choice of colour and lighting conditions, there are little scientific evidence that supports these choices. The aim of this research(More)
Music notations use both symbolic and spatial representation systems. Novice musicians do not have the training to associate symbolic information with musical identities, such as chords or rhythmic and melodic patterns. They provide an opportunity to explore the mechanisms underpinning multimodal learning when spatial encoding strategies of feature(More)
Although musical skills clearly improve with training, pitch processing has generally been believed to be biologically determined by the behavior of brain stem neural mechanisms. Two main classes of pitch models have emerged over the last 50 years. Harmonic template models have been used to explain cross-channel integration of frequency information, and(More)
Absolute pitch (AP) is a form of sound recognition in which musical note names are associated with discrete musical pitch categories. The accuracy of pitch matching by non-AP musicians for chords has recently been shown to depend on stimulus familiarity, pointing to a role of spectral recognition mechanisms in the early stages of pitch processing. Here we(More)
The cognitive mechanisms underpinning chronic tinnitus (CT; phantom auditory perceptions) are underexplored but may reflect a failure to switch attention away from a tinnitus sound. Here, we investigated a range of components that influence the ability to switch attention, including cognitive control, inhibition, working memory and mood, on the presence and(More)