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Streptavidin and avidin are used ubiquitously because of the remarkable affinity of their biotin binding, but they are tetramers, which disrupts many of their applications. Making either protein monomeric reduces affinity by at least 10(4)-fold because part of the binding site comes from a neighboring subunit. Here we engineered a streptavidin tetramer with(More)
Histone H1 phosphorylation affects chromatin condensation and function, but little is known about how specific phosphorylations impact the function of H1 variants in higher eukaryotes. In this study, we show that specific sites in H1.2 and H1.4 of human cells are phosphorylated only during mitosis or during both mitosis and interphase. Antisera generated to(More)
A full description of the human proteome relies on the challenging task of detecting mature and changing forms of protein molecules in the body. Large-scale proteome analysis has routinely involved digesting intact proteins followed by inferred protein identification using mass spectrometry. This 'bottom-up' process affords a high number of identifications(More)
ProSight PTM 2.0 (http://prosightptm2.scs.uiuc.edu) is the next generation of the ProSight PTM web-based system for the identification and characterization of proteins using top down tandem mass spectrometry. It introduces an entirely new data-driven interface, integrated Sequence Gazer for protein characterization, support for fixed modifications, terminal(More)
A significant challenge to understanding dynamic and heterogeneous brain systems lies in the chemical complexity of secreted intercellular messengers that change rapidly with space and time. Two solid-phase extraction collection strategies are presented that relate time and location of peptide release with mass spectrometric characterization. Here, complex(More)
The mammalian supraoptic nucleus (SON) is a neuroendocrine center in the brain regulating a variety of physiological functions. Within the SON, peptidergic magnocellular neurons that project to the neurohypophysis (posterior pituitary) are involved in controlling osmotic balance, lactation, and parturition, partly through secretion of signaling peptides(More)
ProSight PTM (https://prosightptm.scs.uiuc.edu/) is a web application for identification and characterization of proteins using mass spectra data from 'top-down' fragmentation of intact protein ions (i.e. without any tryptic digestion). ProSight PTM has many tools and graphical features to facilitate analysis of single proteins, proteins in mixtures and(More)
  • James R. Doroghazi, Jessica C. Albright, Anthony W. Goering, Kou-San Ju, Robert R. Haines, Konstantin A. Tchalukov +3 others
  • 2014
Actinobacteria encode a wealth of natural product biosynthetic gene clusters, whose systematic study is complicated by numerous repetitive motifs. By combining several metrics, we developed a method for the global classification of these gene clusters into families (GCFs) and analyzed the biosynthetic capacity of Actinobacteria in 830 genome sequences,(More)
Site-specific incorporation of nonstandard amino acids (NSAAs) into proteins enables the creation of biopolymers, proteins, and enzymes with new chemical properties, new structures, and new functions. To achieve this, amber (TAG codon) suppression has been widely applied. However, the suppression efficiency is limited due to the competition with translation(More)
Many natural products with antibiotic, anticancer and antifungal properties are synthesized by nonribosomal peptide synthetases (NRPSs) and polyketide synthases (PKSs). Although genome sequencing has revealed the diversity of these enzymes, identifying new products and their biosynthetic pathways remains challenging. By taking advantage of the size of these(More)