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Lacticin 481 synthetase (LctM) catalyzes the ATP-dependent conversion of a ribosomally synthesized peptide to a polycyclic thioether antibiotic. It is a bifunctional enzyme that dehydrates four Ser/Thr residues to the corresponding dehydro amino acids and catalyzes the conjugate addition of Cys residues to these dehydro residues in a regio- and(More)
We developed a platform using hydrophilic interaction chromatography and high-resolution tandem mass spectrometry (MS) for analyses of histone H3 that allows comprehensive characterization of 'histone codes' at the molecular level. We identified over 150 differentially modified forms of histone H3.2 in asynchronously grown and butyrate-treated HeLa cells,(More)
For proteins of < 20 kDa, this new radical site dissociation method cleaves different and many more backbone bonds than the conventional MS/MS methods (e.g., collisionally activated dissociation, CAD) that add energy directly to the even-electron ions. A minimum kinetic energy difference between the electron and ion maximizes capture; a 1 eV difference(More)
An 11-residue peptide with the sequence DSLEFIASKLA was identified from a genomic library of Bacillus subtilis by phage display as an efficient substrate for Sfp phosphopantetheinyl transferase-catalyzed protein labeling by small molecule-CoA conjugates. We name this peptide the "ybbR tag," because part of its sequence is derived from the ybbR ORF in the B.(More)
ThiFSGH and ThiI are required for the biosynthesis of the thiazole moiety of thiamin in Escherichia coli. The overproduction, purification, and characterization of ThiFS and the identification of two of the early steps in the biosynthesis of the thiazole moiety of thiamin are described here. ThiS isolated from E. coli thiI+ is post-translationally modified(More)
Proteomics has progressed radically in the last 5 years and is now on par with most genomic technologies in throughput and comprehensiveness. Analyzing peptide mixtures by liquid chromatography coupled to high-resolution mass spectrometry (LC-MS) has emerged as the main technology for in-depth proteome analysis whereas two-dimensional gel electrophoresis,(More)
Histone H1 phosphorylation affects chromatin condensation and function, but little is known about how specific phosphorylations impact the function of H1 variants in higher eukaryotes. In this study, we show that specific sites in H1.2 and H1.4 of human cells are phosphorylated only during mitosis or during both mitosis and interphase. Antisera generated to(More)
Proper regulation of NF-kappaB activity is critical to maintain and balance the inflammatory response. Inactivation of the NF-kappaB complex relies in part on the proteasome-mediated degradation of promoter-bound NF-kappaB, but the detailed molecular mechanism initiating this process remains elusive. Here, we show that the methylation of the RelA subunit of(More)
For screening a pool of potential substrates that load carrier domains found in nonribosomal peptide synthetases, large molecule mass spectrometry is shown to be a new, unbiased assay. Combining the high resolving power of Fourier transform mass spectrometry with the ability of adenylation domains to select their own substrates, the mass change that takes(More)
Streptavidin and avidin are used ubiquitously because of the remarkable affinity of their biotin binding, but they are tetramers, which disrupts many of their applications. Making either protein monomeric reduces affinity by at least 10(4)-fold because part of the binding site comes from a neighboring subunit. Here we engineered a streptavidin tetramer with(More)