Neil L. A. Misso

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Phospholipase A2 (PLA2) activity is usually assayed with expensive radioactive or chromogenic substrates unsuitable for performing large numbers of assays. We have designed a simple microplate assay for human serum PLA2 using the chromogenic substrate 4-nitro-3-octanoyloxy-benzoic acid. Using this substrate, serum PLA2 activity was similar to that measured(More)
Interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-11 are elevated in a variety of lung conditions and may impact on repair mechanisms in chronic inflammatory disorders. However, the mechanisms by which these cytokines influence fibroblast proliferation in normal and disease states have not been previously addressed. We examined the effect of these cytokines on proliferation and(More)
The kinins, bradykinin (BK) and Lys-des[Arg(9)]-BK, are important inflammatory mediators that act via two specific G protein-coupled kinins, B(1) and B(2) receptors (B(2)R). Kinins influence the activity of immune cells by stimulating the synthesis of cytokines, eicosanoids, and chemotactic factors. Whether human dendritic cells (DC) express kinin receptors(More)
Sulphites are widely used as preservative and antioxidant additives in the food and pharmaceutical industries. Exposure to sulphites has been reported to induce a range of adverse clinical effects in sensitive individuals, ranging from dermatitis, urticaria, flushing, hypotension, abdominal pain and diarrhoea to life-threatening anaphylactic and asthmatic(More)
BACKGROUND The bronchial epithelium is exposed to reactive oxygen species (ROS) derived from cigarette smoke, air pollutants and activated leucocytes. Glutathione (GSH) prevents ROS-mediated loss of cell function, tissue injury and inflammation, and its synthesis is regulated by gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase (gamma-GCS). However, the capacity of(More)
BACKGROUND Asthmatic inflammation results in increased oxygen free radical generation and assessment of the activity of the selenium (Se) dependent anti-oxidant enzyme, glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) in asthma may therefore be important. OBJECTIVE To test the hypothesis that reduced GSH-Px activity and Se intake contribute to asthmatic inflammation,(More)
BACKGROUND Cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 is a key inducible enzyme that regulates the production of anti-inflammatory prostaglandin E(2). A single-nucleotide polymorphism, -765G>C, located within a stimulatory protein-1 binding site in the COX-2 promoter region, has been shown to have significantly lower promoter activity in vitro compared with the wild-type and(More)
BACKGROUND Cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 is an inducible enzyme responsible for catalysing the formation of prostaglandins (PGs) in settings of inflammation. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the COX-2 gene may influence gene transcription and PG production in the asthmatic airway. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the frequencies of COX-2 SNPs in an Australian(More)
Fibroblast apoptosis is crucial to the resolution of fibrosis. However, the mechanisms by which these cells undergo apoptosis are not well known. Because interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-11 may alter repair and remodeling processes, we hypothesized that they may play a role in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). We investigated the effects of these cytokines on(More)
Cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1) regulates the biosynthesis of prostaglandins, which are important mediators in asthma. The possible association of COX-1 gene polymorphisms with asthma has not been investigated. The allele frequencies of 20 COX-1 polymorphisms were determined in a random Australian Caucasian population using MassARRAY technology. Informative and(More)