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The evolutionarily conserved serine-threonine kinase mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) plays a critical role in regulating many pathophysiological processes. Functional characterization of the mTOR signaling pathways, however, has been hampered by the paucity of known substrates. We used large-scale quantitative phosphoproteomics experiments to define(More)
The purpose of the present investigation was to determine whether mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR)-mediated signalling and some key regulatory proteins of translation initiation are altered in skeletal muscle during the immediate phase of recovery following acute resistance exercise. Rats were operantly conditioned to reach an illuminated bar located(More)
The contribution of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling to the resistance exercise-induced stimulation of skeletal muscle protein synthesis was assessed by administering rapamycin to Sprague-Dawley rats 2 h prior to a bout of resistance exercise. Animals were sacrificed 16 h postexercise, and gastrocnemius protein synthesis, mTOR signaling, and(More)
The present study examined the effects of an acute bout of treadmill exercise on signalling through the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)1/2 and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathways to regulatory mechanisms involved in mRNA translation in mouse gastrocnemius muscle. Briefly, C57BL/6 male mice were run at 26 m min(-1) on a treadmill for(More)
The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), a critical modulator of cell growth, acts to integrate signals from hormones, nutrients, and growth-promoting stimuli to downstream effector mechanisms involved in the regulation of protein synthesis. Dexamethasone, a synthetic glucocorticoid that represses protein synthesis, acts to inhibit mTOR signaling as(More)
The focus of the study described herein was to examine the relative expression levels of mRNAs and proteins relevant to the regulation of translational initiation, and hence protein synthesis, in the time course after an acute bout of resistance exercise in male Sprague-Dawley rats. Significant increases in the relative abundance of the mRNAs coding for the(More)
In a previous study we demonstrated a requirement for activation of mTORC1 in the stimulation of eIF2Bepsilon mRNA translation in skeletal muscle in response to resistance exercise. Although that study established the necessity of mTORC1 activation, the experimental model used did not lend itself readily to address the question of whether or not mTORC1(More)
Eukaryotic initiation factor 2B (eIF2B), a five-subunit guanine nucleotide exchange factor, plays a key role in the regulation of mRNA translation. Expression of its epsilon-subunit is specifically up-regulated in certain conditions associated with increased cell growth. Therefore, the purpose of the present study was to examine the effect of repressing(More)
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