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This report is a summary of a symposium on the role of S-adenosylmethionine (SAM), betaine, and folate in the treatment of alcoholic liver disease (ALD), which was organized by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism in collaboration with the Office of Dietary Supplements and the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine of(More)
Deficiencies in vitamins or other factors (B6, B12, folic acid, betaine) and genetic disorders for the metabolism of the non-protein amino acid-homocysteine (Hcy) lead to hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy). HHcy is an integral component of several disorders including cardiovascular disease, neurodegeneration, diabetes and alcoholic liver disease. HHcy unleashes(More)
The purpose of the present study was to identify and localize glutathione (GSH) transport in an in vitro tissue culture model of blood-brain barrier (BBB). The localization of Na+-dependent GSH transport in an immortalized cell line of human cerebrovascular endothelial cells (HCEC) and asymmetry of transport in Transwell studies were investigated. Initial(More)
We have previously shown GSH transport across the blood-brain barrier in vivo and expression of transport in Xenopus laevis oocytes injected with bovine brain capillary mRNA. In the present study, we have used MBEC-4, an immortalized mouse brain endothelial cell line, to establish the presence of Na+-dependent and Na+-independent GSH transport and have(More)
PURPOSE To study the mechanism of regulation of GSH in HLE-B3 cells expressing alphaA-crystallin (alphaA) and in alphaA knockout mouse lenses. METHODS GSH levels and maximal rates of GSH synthesis were measured in immortalized, alphaA-transfected HLE-B3 cells containing varying amounts of alphaA. The mRNA and protein for the rate-limiting enzyme for GSH(More)
S-Nitrosylation is a reversible post-translational modification on cysteinyl thiols that can modulate the function of redox-sensitive proteins. The S-nitrosylation of mitochondrial proteins has been shown to regulate various mitochondrial activities involved in energy-transducing systems and mitochondrion-driven apoptosis. In isolated rat brain(More)
Our aim was to better understand the mechanism and importance of sustained c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) activation in endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and effects of ER stress on mitochondria by determining the role of mitochondrial JNK binding protein, Sab. Tunicamycin or brefeldin A induced a rapid and marked decline in basal mitochondrial respiration(More)
PURPOSE To characterize glutathione (GSH) transporter in the lens. METHODS Poly (A) +RNA isolated from bovine lens was injected into Xenopus laevis oocytes. Oocytes were incubated for 1 hour in either NaCl or sucrose medium containing tracer GSH, and cell-associated radioactivity was determined. Glutathione efflux was determined in lens mRNA injected(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether glutathione (GSH) transporter(s) other than the previously identified rat canalicular GSH transporter (RcGshT) is present in the lens. METHODS Poly (A) +RNA isolated from rat and guinea pig lens cortex and epithelium was injected into Xenopus laevis oocytes. The effect of sodium removal was determined by measuring(More)
  • Hanson Mr, Hamid Ma, Tomsak Rl, Chou Sm, Leigh Rj Selective, Eliot M Wallack +4 others
  • 2004
Selective injury of the globus palli-dus in children with post-cardiac surgery choreic syndrome. saccadic palsy due to pontine lesions: clinical, physiological and pathological correlations. To the Editor: Hepatotoxicity has been associated with all forms of interferon beta. 1 Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH), another hepatic complication of IFN (beta)-1a(More)