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Polycomb group proteins have an essential role in the epigenetic maintenance of repressive chromatin states. The gene-silencing activity of the Polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2) depends on its ability to trimethylate lysine 27 of histone H3 (H3K27) by the catalytic SET domain of the EZH2 subunit, and at least two other subunits of the complex: SUZ12 and(More)
p53 is a tumour suppressor that regulates the cellular response to genotoxic stresses. p53 is a short-lived protein and its activity is regulated mostly by stabilization via different post-translational modifications. Here we report a novel mechanism of p53 regulation through lysine methylation by Set9 methyltransferase. Set9 specifically methylates p53 at(More)
Small G proteins are GTP-dependent molecular switches that regulate numerous cellular functions. They can be classified into homologous subfamilies that are broadly associated with specific biological processes. Cross-talk between small G-protein families has an important role in signalling, but the mechanism by which it occurs is poorly understood. The(More)
Clostridium perfringens alpha-toxin is the key virulence determinant in gas gangrene and has also been implicated in the pathogenesis of sudden death syndrome in young animals. The toxin is a 370-residue, zinc metalloenzyme that has phospholipase C activity, and can bind to membranes in the presence of calcium. The crystal structure of the enzyme reveals a(More)
The well studied general transcription cofactor Sub1/PC4 has multiple functions in transcription. It plays both a negative and a positive role in transcription initiation and is involved in elongation and downstream transcription processes and as a transcription reinitiation factor. MoSub1, a Sub1/PC4 orthologue from rice blast fungus, binds the(More)
Polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2) silences gene expression through trimethylation of K27 of histone H3 (H3K27me3) via its catalytic SET domain. A missense mutation in the substrate of PRC2, histone H3K27M, is associated with certain pediatric brain cancers and is linked to a global decrease of H3K27me3 in the affected cells thought to be mediated by(More)
Phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate 5-kinases [PtdIns4P5Ks] synthesise the majority of cellular phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate [PtdIns(4,5)P(2)] and phospholipase D1 (PLD1) synthesises large amounts of phosphatidic acid (PtdOH). The activities of PtdIns4P5Ks and PLDs are thought to be coupled during cell signalling in order to support large simultaneous(More)
The phenotypes of different cell types are governed by their differential gene expression programmes, which are prominently influenced by epigenetic gene regulation featuring heritable chromatin states. Different epigenetic states are associated with distinctive patterns of post-translational modifications of the histone tails, which in turn influence the(More)
Polycomb Group (PcG) proteins maintain transcriptional repression throughout development, mostly by regulating chromatin structure. Polycomb Repressive Complex 2 (PRC2), a component of the Polycomb machinery, is responsible for the methylation of histone H3 lysine 27 (H3K27me2/3). Jarid2 was previously identified as a cofactor of PRC2, regulating PRC2(More)
Polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2) has been shown to play a major role in transcriptional silencing in part by installing methylation marks on lysine 27 of histone 3. Dysregulation of PRC2 function correlates with certain malignancies and poor prognosis. EZH2 is the catalytic engine of the PRC2 complex and thus represents a key candidate oncology target(More)