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Lateral root development in Arabidopsis provides a model for the study of hormonal signals that regulate postembryonic organogenesis in higher plants. Lateral roots originate from pairs of pericycle cells, in several cell files positioned opposite the xylem pole, that initiate a series of asymmetric, transverse divisions. The auxin transport inhibitor(More)
Recent studies in the model plant Arabidopsis provide new insight into the regulation of root architecture, a key determinant of nutrient- and water-use efficiency in crops. Lateral root (LR) primordia originate from a subset of pericycle founder cells. Sophisticated mass-spectroscopy-based techniques have been used to map the sites of biosynthesis of auxin(More)
Nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD) is a conserved mechanism that targets aberrant mRNAs for destruction. NMD has also been found to regulate the expression of large numbers of genes in diverse organisms, although the biological role for this is unclear and few evolutionarily conserved targets have been identified. Expression analyses of three Arabidopsis(More)
BACKGROUND 'Systems-wide' approaches such as microarray RNA-profiling are ideally suited to the study of the complex overlapping responses of plants to biotic and abiotic stresses. However, commercial microarrays are only available for a limited number of plant species and development costs are so substantial as to be prohibitive for most research groups.(More)
BACKGROUND Targeted Induced Loci Lesions IN Genomes (TILLING) is increasingly being used to generate and identify mutations in target genes of crop genomes. TILLING populations of several thousand lines have been generated in a number of crop species including Brassica rapa. Genetic analysis of mutants identified by TILLING requires an efficient,(More)
C erebrovascular disease is the most commonly identified cause of acute symptomatic seizures and secondary epilepsy in adults, underlying approximately 11% of epilepsy diagnoses. 1 The incidence and associations of poststroke epilepsy (PSE) are not well-established; many previous studies have investigated seizure episodes, rather than epilepsy diagnoses ,(More)
As part of a larger project to develop an aid for writers that would help to eliminate stylistic inconsistencies within a document, we experimented with neural networks to find the points in a text at which its stylistic character changes. Our best results, well above baseline, were achieved with time-delay networks that used features related to the(More)
We previously showed that the N6-methyladenosine (m(6)A) mRNA methylase is essential during Arabidopsis thaliana embryonic development. We also demonstrated that this modification is present at varying levels in all mature tissues. However, the requirement for the m(6)A in the mature plant was not tested. Here we show that a 90% reduction in m(6)A levels(More)
Zinc (Zn) and cadmium (Cd) hyperaccumulation may have evolved twice in the Brassicaceae, in Arabidopsis halleri and in the Noccaea genus. Tandem gene duplication and deregulated expression of the Zn transporter, HMA4, has previously been linked to Zn/Cd hyperaccumulation in A. halleri. Here, we tested the hypothesis that tandem duplication and deregulation(More)
We describe various types of outliers seen in Affymetrix GeneChip data. We have been able to utilise the data in the Gene Expression Omnibus to screen GeneChips across a range of scales, from single probes, to spatially adjacent fractions of arrays, to whole arrays, to whole experiments. In this review we describe a number of causes for why some reported(More)