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Voltage-dependent and calcium-activated K(+) (MaxiK, BK) channels are ubiquitously expressed and have various physiological roles including regulation of neurotransmitter release and smooth muscle tone. Coexpression of the pore-forming alpha (hSlo) subunit of MaxiK channels with a regulatory beta1 subunit (KCNMB1) produces noninactivating currents that are(More)
Dyspnea in patients with advanced cancer is a common symptom that is difficult to treat. This study investigated whether oxygen helps to relieve rest dyspnea in patients with advanced cancer. In a single-blind controlled trial, oxygen and air were administered in random order to hospice patients reporting dyspnea at rest. Measurements of arterial oxygen(More)
Large conductance voltage and calcium-activated K(+) channels play critical roles in neuronal excitability and vascular tone. Previously, we showed that coexpression of the transmembrane beta2 subunit, KCNMB2, with the human pore-forming alpha subunit of the large conductance voltage and Ca(2+)-activated K(+) channel (hSlo) yields inactivating currents(More)
Voltage-dependent and calcium-activated K⁺ (MaxiK, BK) channels are widely expressed in many tissues and organs where they play various physiological roles. Here we report discovery of a functional trafficking signal in MaxiK channel accessory β4 subunit that could regulate activity of MaxiK α subunit (hSlo) on the plasma membrane. We demonstrate that β4 is(More)
A simple optical device (spectacles plus contact lens) enabling viewing of the real world with either partial or almost-complete retinal image stabilisation has been tested in patients with oscillopsia caused by nystagmus. The device gave a useful improvement in vision in two of 14 patients. Reasons for success and failure were clear and are discussed.(More)
A membrane filter assay is described for detection of heat-labile toxin (LT) production by Escherichia coli. Bacterial colonies were isolated on a membrane filter which was then incubated on an agar medium containing anti-cholera toxin. LT produced by bacterial colonies diffused through the membrane filter, complexed with the antiserum, and formed a zone of(More)
Reinvasions provide prime examples of source-sink population dynamics, and are a major reason for failure of eradications of invasive rats from protected areas. Yet little is known about the origins and population structure of the replacement population compared with the original one. We eradicated eight populations of ship rats from separate(More)
The authors describe a rare case in which a cervical metastatic basal cell carcinoma (BCC) occurred from a small, non-ulcerated primary lesion on the trunk of a female patient. The metastasis had the same immunohistochemical staining pattern as several biopsies from the primary site. It was immediately adjacent to the left neck regional nodes and we view(More)
AIMS To study the increase in phylloerythrin concentration in plasma and the disposition of phylloerythrin in skin and other tissues of sheep in which the hepatogenous photosensitisation,facial eczema, had been experimentally induced by dosing with the mycotoxin, sporidesmin. Spectroscopic differences between plasma and skin measurements of animals kept(More)
Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), DNA-DNA hybridisation, Vero cell assay, the Biken test and a new membrane-filter method were compared in the detection of heat-labile enterotoxin (LT) of Escherichia coli. Six subcultures of each of 50 strains of E. coli from the Biken collection were evaluated "blind" in the laboratory. The combined results of the(More)