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BACKGROUND Inhaled long-acting beta2 agonists improve lung function and health status in symptomatic chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), whereas inhaled corticosteroids reduce the frequency of acute episodes of symptom exacerbation and delay deterioration in health status. We postulated that a combination of these treatments would be better than(More)
BACKGROUND Although patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) should stop smoking, some do not. In a double-blind, placebo-controlled study, we evaluated the effect of the inhaled glucocorticoid budesonide in patients with mild COPD who continued smoking. After a six-month run-in period, we randomly assigned 1277 subjects (mean age, 52(More)
O Op pt ti im ma al l a as ss se es ss sm me en nt t a an nd d m ma an na ag ge em me en nt t o of f c ch hr ro on ni ic c o ob bs st tr ru uc ct ti iv ve e p pu ul lm mo on na ar ry y d di is se ea as se e (Foreword Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality. In the European Union, COPD and asthma, together(More)
BACKGROUND Ultrasound allows observation of the thickness of the diaphragm in the zone of apposition in vivo during relaxation and maximum inspiratory efforts. METHODS Changes of diaphragm thickness were studied by B mode (two dimensional) ultrasound in 13 healthy men aged 29-54 years in the seated position. A high resolution 7.5 MHz ultrasound transducer(More)
To date, no international surveys estimating the burden of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in the general population have been published. The Confronting COPD International Survey aimed to quantify morbidity and burden in COPD subjects in 2000. From a total of 201,921 households screened by random-digit dialling in the USA, Canada, France,(More)
Prostaglandins may cause hyperresponsiveness to bronchoconstrictor agents in the lung and hyperalgesia in the skin. Increased airway concentration of both prostaglandins and bradykinin has been suggested as the possible cause of the increased cough sensitivity sometimes found in patients with cough associated with taking drugs that inhibit(More)
Despite substantial evidence regarding the benefits of combined use of inhaled corticosteroids and long-acting beta2-agonists in asthma, such evidence remains limited for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Observational data may provide an insight into the expected survival in clinical trials of fluticasone propionate (FP) and salmeterol in COPD.(More)
In animal models of pulmonary inflammation, neutrophils exhibit a dramatic influx of glucose in periods of high metabolic activity. This information was utilized to develop a technique, involving positron emission tomography (PET) of 2-[18F]-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (18FDG), which measures neutrophil activity in situ. This technique was applied in a(More)
BACKGROUND The usual analysis of forced oscillometry measures respiratory resistance (Rrs) and reactance (Xrs) averaged over several tidal breaths (whole-breath analysis). Recent within-breath analyses have separated Rrs and Xrs into their mean inspiratory and mean expiratory components (inspiratory-expiratory breath analysis) but these have not been used(More)