Neil B. Grodsky

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The crystal structure of porcine heart mitochondrial NADP+-dependent isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) complexed with Mn2+ and isocitrate was solved to a resolution of 1.85 A. The enzyme was expressed in Escherichia coli, purified as a fusion protein with maltose binding protein, and cleaved with thrombin to yield homogeneous enzyme. The structure was(More)
The conventional protein kinase C isoform, PKCII, is a signaling kinase activated during the hyperglycemic state and has been associated with the development of microvascular abnormalities associated with diabetes. PKCII, therefore, has been identified as a therapeutic target where inhibitors of its kinase activity are being pursued for treatment of(More)
Pig heart NADP-dependent isocitrate dehydrogenase requires a divalent metal cation for catalysis. On the basis of affinity cleavage studies [Soundar and Colman (1993) J. Biol. Chem. 268, 5267] and analysis of the crystal structure of E. coli NADP-isocitrate dehydrogenase [Hurley et al. (1991) Biochemistry 30, 8671], the residues Asp(253), Asp(273),(More)
Inactivation of MF1 (bovine mitochondrial F1-ATPase) with 5'-p-fluorosulfonylbenzoylethenoadenosine is caused by labeling alpha Y244 [Verburg, J. G., and Allison, W. S. (1990) J. Biol. Chem. 265, 8065-8074]. In the crystal structure [Abrahams, J.P., Leslie, A. G. W., Lutter, R., and Walker, J. E. (1994) Nature 370, 621-628], alpha Y244 is hydrogen bonded to(More)
The hydrolytic properties of the mutant alpha3(betaT165S)3gamma and wild-type alpha3beta3gamma subcomplexes of TF1 have been compared. Whereas the wild-type complex hydrolyzes 50 microM ATP in three kinetic phases, the mutant complex hydrolyzes 50 microM ATP with a linear rate. After incubation with a slight excess of ADP in the presence of Mg2+, the(More)
Pig heart mitochondrial NADP-dependent isocitrate dehydrogenase requires a divalent metal ion for catalysis, and metal-isocitrate is its preferred substrate. On the basis of the crystal structure of the enzyme-Mn(2+)-isocitrate complex, Asp(252), Asp(275), and Asp(279) were selected as targets for site-directed mutagenesis to evaluate the roles of these(More)
The bovine heart mitochondrial F1-ATPase (MF1) is reversibly inhibited in the dark by 4-amino-1-octylquinaldinium (AOQ) with an I0.5 value of 48 μM. When irradiated in the presence of AOQ, MF1 is photoinactivated with an apparent Kd of 12 μM. About 1.1 mol of [3H]AOQ were incorporated per mol of MF1 on complete photoinactivation. Fractionation of a cyanogen(More)
Addition of Al3+ and F- to the alpha3beta3gamma subcomplex of the TF1-ATPase containing MgADP in one catalytic site causes slow, complete inactivation as the ADP-fluoroaluminate complex is formed. This conflicts with the "bisite" stochastic model suggested earlier (Issartel, J. P., Dupuis, A., Lunardi, J. & Vignais, P. V. (1991) Biochemistry 30, 4726-4733](More)
The Per-Arnt-Sim (PAS) domains of hypoxia-inducible transcription factors (HIF) mediate heterodimer formation between the HIF-α forms that are induced in the event of cellular hypoxia and the constitutive HIF-β variants. Previous efforts toward structural characterization of the HIF-1α PAS domains were limited by protein stability. Using homology modeling(More)
F1-ATPases transiently entrap inhibitory MgADP in a catalytic site during turnover when noncatalytic sites are not saturated with ATP. An initial burst of ATP hydrolysis rapidly decelerates to a slow intermediate rate that gradually accelerates to a final steady-state rate. Transition from the intermediate to the final rate is caused by slow binding of ATP(More)