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The hyt/hyt hypothyroid mouse has an autosomal recessive, fetal-onset, severe hypothyroidism related to TSH hyporesponsiveness and associated with elevated TSH. Our previous work has suggested that the hypothyroidism and TSH hyporesponsiveness may result from a mutation in the hyt/hyt TSH receptor (TSHr) of the thyroid gland. Based on DNA sequencing of the(More)
The amyloid peptide is the main constituent of the amyloid plaques in brain of Alzheimer's disease patients. This peptide is generated from the amyloid precursor protein by two consecutive cleavages. Cleavage at the N terminus is performed by the recently discovered beta-secretase (Bace). This aspartyl protease contains a propeptide that has to be removed(More)
The proprotein convertases (PCs) are a seven-member family of endoproteases that activate proproteins by cleavage at basic motifs. Expression patterns for individual PCs vary widely, and all cells express several members. The list of substrates activated by PCs has grown to include neuropeptides, peptide hormones, growth and differentiation factors,(More)
Furin is a proprotein convertase which activates a variety of regulatory proteins in the constitutive exocytic and endocytic pathway. The effect of genetic ablation of fur was studied in the endocrine pancreas to define its physiological function in the regulated secretory pathway. Pdx1-Cre/loxP furin KO mice show decreased secretion of insulin and impaired(More)
ADAM17 (where ADAM is 'a disintegrin and metalloproteinase') can rapidly modulate cell-surface signalling events by the proteolytic release of soluble forms of proligands for cellular receptors. Many regulatory pathways affect the ADAM17 sheddase activity, but the mechanisms for the activation are still not clear. We have utilized a cell-based ADAM17 assay(More)
Furin is an endoprotease of the family of mammalian proprotein convertases and is involved in the activation of a large variety of regulatory proteins by cleavage at basic motifs. A large number of substrates have been attributed to furin on the basis of in vitro and ex vivo data. However, no physiological substrates have been confirmed directly in a(More)
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