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Malignant hyperthermia (MH) is rarely associated with specific myopathies or musculoskeletal abnormalities. Three clinical investigations of MH associated with either non-specific myopathies or congenital disorders in three separate families are presented. Two of these cases also show evidence of exercise-induced rhabdomyolysis. In each case MH(More)
In this study we investigated in vitro and in vivo effects of propofol in malignant hyperthermia susceptible (MHS) patients in order to assess the safety of propofol infusion as a non-triggering anaesthetic technique for diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. In vitro, human MHS muscle samples were exposed to propofol and changes in (a) baseline tension and(More)
Malignant hyperthermia (MH) has been reported as non-existent in children less than 1 yr old, although several unconfirmed reports have been published. A case report of MH in a 6-month-old child is presented, with confirmation of MH susceptibility by in vitro contracture testing of quadriceps muscle at 13 yr old. Genetic analysis revealed a novel RYR1(More)
BACKGROUND Malignant hyperthermia is associated with mutations within the gene encoding the skeletal muscle ryanodine receptor, the calcium channel that releases Ca from sarcoplasmic reticulum stores triggering muscle contraction, and other metabolic activities. More than 200 variants have been identified in the ryanodine receptor, but only some of these(More)
Preparation of anaesthesia machines for use by malignant hyperthermia susceptible patients requires purging the machines of halogenated anaesthetic agents. The endpoint of this process is to reach a gas concentration of 5 ppm or less, which has been arbitrarily chosen as the safe limit of exposure to avoid triggering a malignant hyperthermia event. We(More)
BACKGROUND Mutations in the skeletal muscle ryanodine receptor gene may result in altered calcium release from sarcoplasmic reticulum stores, giving rise to malignant hyperthermia (MH). MH is a pharmacogenetic skeletal muscle disorder triggered by volatile anesthetics and depolarizing muscle relaxants. Diagnosis of MH is by in vitro contracture testing of(More)
Malignant hyperthermia (MH) is a pharmacogenetic disorder that manifests in susceptible individuals exposed to volatile anaesthetics. Over 400 variants in the ryanodine receptor 1 (RYR1) have been reported but relatively few have been definitively associated with susceptibility to MH. This is largely due to the technical challenges of demonstrating abnormal(More)
As the reliability of malignant hyperthermia normal in vitro contracture test results has been questioned, this study set out to determine the reliability of malignant hyperthermia normal results in New Zealand. Three hundred and twenty-nine anaesthetics were administered to malignant hyperthermia normal patients, identified through the Palmerston North(More)