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UV - B radiation exposure for upto 3 h did not cause direct damage to physiology, but adjusted secondary metabolism and metabolites accumulation as an effective acclimation mechanism to mitigate the adverse effects of radiation. Artemisia annua L. plants were irradiated with UV-B radiation (280–315 nm; 2.8 Wm−2) for different short-term (1, 2, 3 and 4 h)(More)
In vitro propagated Artemisia annua plantlets were exposed to low dose (2.8 W m−2) of UV-B (280–315 nm) radiation for different short-term (1, 2, 3 and 4 h) durations that resulted in 103 and 100 % enhanced artemisinin and flavonoid yield respectively after 3 h of UV-B irradiation. UV-B irradiation resulted in reduced chlorophyll a, b and carotenoids while(More)
Root length and its architecture govern the adaptability of plants to various stress conditions, including drought stress. Genetic variations in root growth, length, and architecture are genotypes dependent. In this study, we compared the drought-induced transcriptome of four genotypes of Gossypium herbaceum that differed in their drought tolerance(More)
Transcription factors (TF) play a crucial role in regulating gene expression and are fit to regulate diverse cellular processes by interacting with other proteins. A TF named calmodulin binding transcription activator (CAMTA) was identified in Arabidopsis thaliana (AtCAMTA1-6). To explore the role of CAMTA1 in drought response, the phenotypic differences(More)
Genome-wide gene expression profiling and detailed physiological investigation were used for understanding the molecular mechanism and physiological response of Gossypium herbaceum, which governs the adaptability of plants in drought conditions. Recently, microarray-based gene expression analysis is commonly used to decipher genes and genetic networks(More)
Cotton is mostly cultivated under rain-fed conditions in India, thus faces frequent drought conditions during its life cycle. Drought being a major stress factor responsible for yield penalty, there has always been a high priority to generate knowledge on adaptation and tolerance of cotton. In the present study, four cotton varieties, JKC-770 and KC-2(More)
Application of traditional Chinese drug, artemisinin, originally derived from Artemisia annua L., in malaria therapy has now been globally accepted. Artemisinin and its derivatives, with their established safety records, form the first line of malaria treatment via artemisinin combination therapies (ACTs). In addition to its antimalarial effects,(More)
Root growth in drying soil is generally limited by a combination of mechanical impedance and water stress. As the major function of root tissue is water and nutrient uptake, so it imparts an important role in plant growth and stress management. Previously, we have studied physiological performance and expression profiling of gene associated with drought(More)
UV-B-caused DNA hypomethylation and UV-B-mediated epigenetic activation of additional WRKY-binding site(s) in the DBR2 promoter may contribute to the overexpression of the DBR2 gene in Artemisia annua. DNA methylation is one of the key mechanisms behind stress-induced transcriptional switch off/on. Here, we evaluate the DNA methylation level in response to(More)
A field study was carried out to investigate the effect of three Zn levels 0, 20 kg ZnSO4 ha−1 and 20 kg ZnSO4 ha−1+ foliar spray of 0.5 % ZnSO4 on superoxide dismutase activity, acid phosphatase activity and grain yield and a pot experiment to study the effect of zinc deficient and sufficient conditions on organic acid exudation. Increasing Zn levels was(More)