Learn More
A widely used approach to achieving service level objectives for a software system (e.g., an email server) is to add a controller that manipulates the target system's tuning parameters. We describe a methodology for designing such controllers for software systems that builds on classical control theory. The classical approach proceeds in two steps: system(More)
Policy-based management provides a means for IT systems to operate according to business needs. Unfortunately, there is often an “impedance mismatch” between the policies administrators want and the controls they are given. Consider the Apache web server. Administrators want to control CPU and memory utilizations, but this must be done indirectly by(More)
Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) are important complex carbohydrates that participate in many biological processes through the regulation of their various protein partners. Biochemical, structural biology and molecular modelling approaches have assisted in understanding the molecular basis of such interactions, creating an opportunity to capitalize on the large(More)
Platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule 1 (PECAM-1) has many functions, including its roles in leukocyte extravasation as part of the inflammatory response and in the maintenance of vascular integrity through its contribution to endothelial cell-cell adhesion. PECAM-1 has been shown to mediate cell-cell adhesion through homophilic binding events that(More)
Platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule 1 (PECAM-1) (CD31), a member of the immunoglobulin (Ig) superfamily of cell adhesion molecules with six Ig-like domains, has a range of functions, notably its contributions to leukocyte extravasation during inflammation and in maintaining vascular endothelial integrity. Although PECAM-1 is known to mediate cell(More)
Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) are complex highly charged linear polysaccharides that have a variety of roles in biological processes. We report the first use of molecular dynamics (MD) free energy calculations using the MM/PBSA method to investigate the binding of GAGs to protein molecules, namely the platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule 1 (PECAM-1) and(More)
Mammalian heparanase is an endo-β-glucuronidase associated with cell invasion in cancer metastasis, angiogenesis and inflammation. Heparanase cleaves heparan sulfate proteoglycans in the extracellular matrix and basement membrane, releasing heparin/heparan sulfate oligosaccharides of appreciable size. This in turn causes the release of growth factors, which(More)
Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) are an untapped source of novel chemical entities and, therefore, offer exciting new opportunities for the development of novel drug molecules because of their unique physical and biological properties. Advances in the functional understanding of GAG-protein interactions are enabling the development of GAG mimetics for use as(More)
Heparin is a glycosaminoglycan known to bind bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) and the growth and differentiation factors (GDFs) and has strong and variable effects on BMP osteogenic activity. In this paper we report our predictions of the likely heparin binding sites for BMP-2 and 14. The N-terminal sequences upstream of TGF-β-type cysteine-knot domains(More)