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The periodic formation of plant organs such as leaves and flowers gives rise to intricate patterns that have fascinated biologists and mathematicians alike for hundreds of years [1]. The plant hormone auxin plays a central role in establishing these patterns by promoting organ formation at sites where it accumulates due to its polar, cell-to-cell transport(More)
Telecommunication and network systems have become more complex in recent years. Routing and optimal path finding are some of the important network problems. Traditional routing methods are not capable to satisfy new routing demands. Swarm intelligence is a relatively new approach to problem solving which provides a basis with which it explores problem(More)
An ad-hoc network is a collection of wireless mobile hosts forming a temporary network without the aid of any stand-aloneinfrastructure or centralized administration. Mobile Ad-HoC Networks are self-organizing and self-configuring multihop wireless networks where the structure of the network changes dynamically. This is mainly due to the mobility of the(More)
In previous studies, it is pointed out that in several situations it is better to use interval-valued fuzzy numbers instead of triangular or trapezoidal fuzzy numbers. But till now, there is no method that deals with the sensitivity analysis of such linear programming problems in which all the parameters are represented by interval-valued fuzzy numbers. In(More)