Negash Belay

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Several elemental metals were examined as potential electron donors for methanogenic bacteria, using both a single tube system where the metal was in direct contact with the cells, and a two-flask system, where metal and cells were not in direct contact, but had contact via the gas phase. With all organisms examined in the direct contact system, Feo, Alo(More)
The microbial quality of five types of fresh produce obtained at the retail level was determined by standard quantitative techniques. These techniques included aerobic plate count (APC), total coliform counts, Escherichia coli counts, and yeast and mold counts. Three different methods were used to determine total coliform counts, which consisted of(More)
Methanococcus (Mc.) thermolithotrophicus can use nitrate as the sole source of nitrogen, but four other species of methanogens cannot. The growth rate was similar on both nitrate and ammonium, but yields were 20–25% lower on nitrate.Mc. thermolithotrophicus, Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum, andMethanobrevibacterium smithii were not inhibited by 20 mM(More)
Methyl and butyltin compounds were inhibitory to all anaerobes examined, but there were great variations, depending on the specific alkyltin and bacterium. The methanogens were inhibited more strongly by methyl than by butyl derivatives; more than 50% inhibition occurred with 0.025–0.5 mM of the methyltins, whereas 0.16–1.8 mM butyltins were needed for the(More)
Methanococcus deltae DLH was grown on H2-CO2 in the presence of various concentrations of furfural. Furfural at higher concentrations, namely, 20 and 25 mM, inhibited growth of this organism. At concentration of 5 and 10 mM, no inhibition of growth was observed. The other methanogens in this study were not inhibited by 10 mM furfural. Among the methanogens(More)
The effects of strict anaerobic conditions on the growth of Staphylococcus aureus and the production of staphylococcal enterotoxin A (SEA) were studied. The growth of S. aureus, a facultative anaerobic bacterium, is slower anaerobically than aerobically. When grown on brain heart infusion broth at 37 degrees C, the anaerobic generation time at mid-log phase(More)
Methanosarcina barkeri strain 227 produced ethane during growth on H2/CO2 when ethanol was added to the medium in concentrations of 89–974 mM; ethane production varied from 14 to 38 nmoles per tube (20 ml gas phase, 5.7 ml liquid) with increasing ethanol concentrations. Cells grown to mid-logarithmic phase (A600 ∼0.46, protein = 64 μg/ml) on H2/CO2,(More)
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