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A divergence in the supply and consumption of oxygen in brain tissue initiates complex cycle of biochemical and molecular events resulting in neuronal death. To overcome such adverse situation, the tissue has to adopt some cellular mechanisms such as induction of various transcription factors, such as hypoxia inducible factor (HIF). It is a transcriptional(More)
Nanomedicines have enormous potential to improve the precision of cancer therapy, yet our ability to efficiently home these materials to regions of disease in vivo remains very limited. Inspired by the ability of communication to improve targeting in biological systems, such as inflammatory-cell recruitment to sites of disease, we construct systems where(More)
BACKGROUND Non-synonymous single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within vital DNA repair genes may cause reduction of activity leaving the genome unrepaired resulting in genomic instability and cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS The present endeavour involved study on the association of the SNP rs13181 (Lys751Gln/A18911C) in the Nucleotide Excision Repair(More)
Cancers harbor significant genetic heterogeneity and patterns of relapse following many therapies are due to evolved resistance to treatment. While efforts have been made to combine targeted therapies, significant levels of toxicity have stymied efforts to effectively treat cancer with multi-drug combinations using currently approved therapeutics. We(More)
Inheritance of common genetic variants at one or more base excision repair (BER) genes may result in a reduced DNA repair capacity and in an increased risk of cancers like breast cancer. The present case-control study with 390 north Indian women (155 breast cancer cases and 235 controls) was aimed to investigate the association of seven nonsynonymous BER(More)
The emergence of a highly pathogenic H5N1 influenza virus in Hong Kong in 1997 and the subsequent appearance of other H5N1 strains and their spread to several countries in southeast Asia, Africa, the Middle East and Europe has evoked fear of a global influenza pandemic. Vaccines offer the best hope to combat the threat of an influenza pandemic. However, the(More)
Cell death is a process of dying within biological cells that are ceasing to function. This process is essential in regulating organism development, tissue homeostasis, and to eliminate cells in the body that are irreparably damaged. In general, dysfunction in normal cellular death is tightly linked to cancer progression. Specifically, the up-regulation of(More)
Phytochemical investigation of Annona squamosa twigs, resulted in isolation and identification of twelve known (1-12) compounds among them one 1-(4-β-D-glucopyranosyloxyphenyl)-2-(β-D-glucopyranosyloxy)-ethane (11) is synthetically known but first time isolated from natural sources. Their structures were elucidated using 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopic(More)
The anticancer potential of Xylopia aethiopica fruit extract (XAFE), and the mechanism of cell death it elicits, was investigated in various cell lines. Treatment with XAFE led to a dose-dependent growth inhibition in most cell lines, with selective cytotoxicity towards cancer cells and particularly the human cervical cancer cell line C-33A. In this study,(More)
Small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) mediate cleavage of specific, complementary mRNA sequences and thus regulate gene expression. Not surprisingly, their use for treatment of diseases that are rooted in aberrant gene expression, such as cancer, has become a paradigm that has gained wide interest. Here, we report the development of dendrimer-conjugated(More)