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Cognitive psychological research focuses on causal learning and reasoning while cognitive anthropological and social science research tend to focus on systems of beliefs. Our aim was to explore how these two types of research can inform each other. Cognitive psychological theories (causal model theory and causal Bayes nets) were used to derive predictions(More)
A 4-year-old, 30.6-kg castrated male mixed-breed dog was referred for evaluation of acute diarrhea, inappetence, weight loss, and lethargy. The dog had otherwise been healthy since being adopted from a Greek animal shelter 18 months before presentation. The only other household pet was its clinically healthy littermate. On examination, the dog was(More)
Do we invest irrational amounts of effort into keeping options viable, or do we manage available and threatened options in an adaptive fashion? To ask and answer this question, we advocate an approach that considers the dynamic properties of decision environments. By linking the exploration-vs.-exploitation dilemma to animal foraging, we show that(More)
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