Neehar Gupta

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Exposure to high concentrations of glucose and insulin results in insulin resistance of metabolic target tissues, a characteristic feature of type 2 diabetes. High glucose has also been associated with oxidative stress, and increased levels of reactive oxygen species have been proposed to cause insulin resistance. To determine whether oxidative stress(More)
Prolonged exposure of pancreatic islets to free fatty acids (FFAs) inhibits glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS) in vitro. However, FFA inhibition of GSIS has not been clearly demonstrated in vivo. We examined the in vivo effect of prolonged elevation of plasma FFAs on GSIS using a two-step hyperglycemic clamp in rats treated with a 48-h intravenous(More)
We determined the effect of 48-h elevation of plasma free fatty acids (FFA) on insulin secretion during hyperglycemic clamps in control female Wistar rats (group a) and in the following female rat models of progressive beta-cell dysfunction: lean Zucker diabetic fatty (ZDF) rats, both wild-type (group b) and heterozygous for the fa mutation in the leptin(More)
We tested the hypothesis that, due to greater hepatic free fatty acid (FFA) load, portal delivery of FFAs, as in visceral obesity, induces hyperinsulinemia and increases endogenous glucose production to a greater extent than peripheral FFA delivery. For 5 h, 10 portal oleate (n = 6), equidose peripheral oleate (n = 5), or saline (n =(More)
In our previous studies in nondiabetic dogs and humans, insulin suppressed glucose production (GP) by both an indirect extrahepatic and a direct hepatic effect. However, insulin had no direct effect on GP in diabetic depancreatized dogs under conditions of moderate hyperglycemia. The present study was designed to investigate whether insulin can inhibit GP(More)
Chronic intraperitoneal or subcutaneous insulin administration increases triglyceride secretion rate (TGSR) in normal rats. We wished to determine the effect of this treatment on TGSR and the hepatic lipogenic enzymes acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC) and fatty acid synthase (FAS) in diabetic rats. Streptozotocin-diabetic rats, untreated (D), diabetic rats(More)
The similarity in lifestyle risk factors for the development of colorectal cancer (CRC) and type 2 diabetes suggests that there are common underlying pathogenic mechanisms. High-risk lifestyle factors may lead to insulin resistance that, through increased circulating levels of energy substrates, insulin, and insulin-like growth factor-1, may promote the(More)
We have previously shown that chronic insulin treatment by the intraperitoneal route normalizes the elevated glucose production (GP) in streptozotocin (STZ) diabetic rats, while insulin delivered by the subcutaneous route only partially normalizes GP. To investigate the biochemical mechanism of the effect of chronic insulin delivery by either route on(More)
Insulin suppresses glucose production (GP) via both extrahepatic (indirect) and hepatic (direct) effects. We have shown that the direct effect, undetectable in moderately hyperglycemic diabetic dogs, is restored by insulin-induced euglycemia. The first aim of the present study was to determine whether euglycemia per se, and not the excess insulin needed to(More)
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