Nedim Emil Altaras

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Microbial fermentation is an important technology for the conversion of renewable resources to chemicals. In this paper, we describe the application of metabolic engineering for the development of two new fermentation processes: the microbial conversion of sugars to 1,3-propanediol (1,3-PD) and 1,2-propanediol (1,2-PD). A variety of naturally occurring(More)
1,2-Propanediol (1,2-PD) is a major commodity chemical that is currently derived from propylene, a nonrenewable resource. A goal of our research is to develop fermentation routes to 1,2-PD from renewable resources. Here we report the production of enantiomerically pure R-1,2-PD from glucose in Escherichia coli expressing NADH-linked glycerol dehydrogenase(More)
1,2-Propanediol (1,2-PD) is a major commodity chemical currently derived from propylene. Previously, we have demonstrated the production of enantiomerically pure (R)-1,2-propanediol from glucose by an engineered E. coli expressing genes for NADH-linked glycerol dehydrogenase and methylglyoxal synthase. In this work, we investigate three methods to improve(More)
The purpose of this study was to explore a fermentation route for the production of 1,2-propanediol (1,2-PD) from renewable sugars: lactose found in cheese whey, and D-glucose, D-galactose, L-arabinose, and D-xylose found in corn and wood byproducts. Thermoanaerobacterium thermosaccharolyticum, a naturally occurring organism, was found to ferment a wider(More)
Adenovirus vectors have attracted considerable interest over the past decade, with ongoing clinical development programs for applications ranging from replacement therapy for protein deficiencies to cancer therapeutics to prophylactic vaccines. Consequently, considerable product, process, analytical, and formulation development has been undertaken to(More)
UNLABELLED Owing to the high costs associated with biopharmaceutical development, considerable pressure has developed for the biopharmaceutical industry to increase productivity by becoming more lean and flexible. The ability to reuse knowledge was identified as one key advantage to streamline productivity, efficiently use resources, and ultimately perform(More)
First-generation adenovectors have been developed for gene therapy and vaccine applications. The construction of these adenovectors has entailed the use of numerous types of expression cassettes. It has long been known that first-generation adenovectors can be rescued more easily and to higher titers with some transgenes than with others. This study has(More)
Recovery of recombinant adenoviruses from infected mammalian cell cultures often requires multiple unit operations such as cell lysis for virus release, microfiltration for clarification, and ultrafiltration for concentration. While development of these multiple unit operations is relatively straightforward, implementation under aseptic conditions in a(More)
PER.C6 cells, an industrially relevant cell line for adenovirus manufacture, were extensively passaged in serum-free suspension cell culture to better adapt them to process conditions. The changes in cell physiology that occurred during this passaging were characterized by investigating cell growth, cell size, metabolism, and cultivation of(More)
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