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This study provides the first evidence for catecholamine synthesis and release in the RAW264.7 cell line, an important macrophage model. Although catecholamines were low in unstimulated cells, activation with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) mRNA and increased extracellular norepinephrine and intracellular dopamine within 48 h. The(More)
Cultured murine bone marrow derived mast cells (BMMC) were found to store high levels of dopamine (3753+/-844 pg/10(7) cells) and occasionally produce norepinephrine and epinephrine. The catecholamine synthesis inhibitor, alpha-methyl-para-tyrosine, decreased intracellular catecholamine concentrations, and activation with ionomycin stimulated dopamine(More)
Dextroamphetamine 30 mg and placebo were administered by mouth in a double-blind randomized cross-over trial to ten subjects. Behavior was assessed and blood samples analyzed for growth hormone (GH), prolactin (PRL), homovanillic acid (HVA), and amphetamine. There was a statistically significant increase in well-being following d-amphetamine as compared to(More)
Liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection (LC/ECD) and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) were used to identify metabolites of N-methyl-3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDMA) in samples of rat plasma and urine. Several potential metabolites, based on what is known about the metabolism of the desmethyl analog (i.e., MDA), were synthesized(More)
A 10-year-old white girl showed chorea with elevated antibody titers indicative of an earlier group A streptococcal infection. Prior to treatment, cerebrospinal fluid homovanillic acid levels were markedly elevated. Haloperidol caused minimal improvement. She was then treated with reserpine alone, which resulted in remarkable improvement within one week. A(More)
The effect of six acute doses of the dopamine receptor agonist apomorphine on non-human primate social and individual behaviour was studied in a social colony of four adult Stumptail macaques. Apomorphine was administered intramuscularly to 2 monkeys/day in doses ranging from 0.05 to 3.00 mg kg-1 15 min bfefore a 1 h observation period. Apomorphine induced(More)
Ten men inpatients who met DSM-III-R criteria for schizophrenia participated. On five occasions at least one week apart, each subject had an intravenous line placed at 0730 after an overnight fast. On each occasion blood samples were drawn at 0800 and hourly thereafter through 1200 noon for measurement of plasma homovanillic acid (HVA). Total four-hour(More)