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BACKGROUND Extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs) are a group of enzymes that hydrolyze antibiotics, including those containing new cephalosporins, and they are found in a significant percentage of Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae strains. With the widespread use of antibiotics, difficulties with infection therapy caused by drug resistant(More)
Escherichia coli is considered as the most common cause of urinary tract infection (UTI) and acquired multiple resistances to a wide range of antibiotics such as aminoglycosides. Enzymatic alteration of aminoglycosides (AMEs) by aminoglycoside- modifying enzymes is the main mechanism of resistance to these antibiotics in E. coli. The aim of this study was(More)
This study aimed to evaluate the effects of micron sized non-thermal atmospheric pressure plasma inside the animal body on breast cancer tumor. The μ-plasma jet consists of micron sized hollow tube in which pure helium gas is ionized by high voltage (4 kV) and high frequency (6 kHz). The efficiency of the plasma treatment in killing cancer cells was first(More)
BACKGROUND Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) in children with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is common and associated with higher risk of death. Neutrophil geletinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) is a small 25 kDa glycoprotein, a member of lipocalin superfamily that released at the response of cellular stress from different cells. In addition, NGAL was studied as(More)
INTRODUCTION Parsley (Petroselinum crispum) has been traditionally used for the treatment of allergy, autoimmune and chronic inflammatory disorders. The present study aims to investigate the suppressive effects of parsley essential oil on mouse splenocytes and macrophages cells. METHODS AND MATERIALS Parsley essential oil was harvested. It was treated on(More)
Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT) is a rare neoplasm mostly seen in the lungs, but also in extrapulmonary sites. The most common genitourinary site of IMT is the bladder, but it may rarely be seen in the kidneys. We report a case of a 15-year-old girl presented with flank pain and hematuria, in which computed tomography scan revealed a mass in the(More)
INTRODUCTION The present work aimed to assess the effect of bacterial cellulose (BC) from Acetobacter xylinum on some functions of peritoneal macrophages. MATERIALS AND METHODS Mice peritoneal macrophages were lavaged and co-cultured with various concentrations of BC in microtiter plate. Viability of macrophages was determined by MTT assay. Nitric oxide(More)
BACKGROUND Tuberculosis has been announced as a global emergency by World Health Organization and the second infectious agent of mortality worldwide. The general policy in the development of new vaccines is to develop some vaccines with higher efficiency not only for infants but also for adults compared with the Bacillus Calmette-Guerin vaccine. Recently,(More)
Chitosan, a non-toxic and biocompatible natural polymer has been used as an absorption enhancer for poorly absorbable drugs. Biodegradable polymers such as chitosan have been used extensively in biomedical fields in the form of sutures, wound covering and as artificial skin and antibiotic delivery for infection disease. The aims of research is Synthesis,(More)
BACKGROUND Tuberculosis (TB) is regarded as a health problem worldwide, particularly in developing countries. Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis) is the cause of this disease. Approximately two billion people worldwide are infected by M. tuberculosis and annually about two million individuals die in consequence. Forty million people are estimated(More)