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BACKGROUND While sarcopenia is typically defined using total psoas area (TPA), characterizing sarcopenia using only a single axial cross-sectional image may be inadequate. We sought to evaluate total psoas volume (TPV) as a new tool to define sarcopenia and compare patient outcomes relative to TPA and TPV. METHOD Sarcopenia was assessed in 763 patients(More)
BACKGROUND Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs) are the most common cystic precursor lesions of invasive pancreatic cancer. The recent identification of activating GNAS mutations at codon 201 in IPMNs is a promising target for early detection and therapy. The purpose of this study was to explore clinicopathological correlates of GNAS mutational(More)
OBJECTIVE The significance of indeterminate pulmonary nodules (IPNs) in patients undergoing resection of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is unknown. We sought to define the prevalence and impact of IPN in such patients. METHODS We studied all patients who underwent surgical resection of PDAC between 1980 and 2013. IPN was defined as ≥1(More)
BACKGROUND Non-invasive intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) with high-grade dysplasia and IPMN-associated invasive pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) are frequently included under the term "malignancy". The goal of this study is to clarify the difference between these two entities. METHODS From 1996 to 2013, data of 616 patients who(More)
BACKGROUND The impact of postoperative complications on the administration of adjuvant therapy following pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) for adenocarcinoma is still unclear. METHODS A retrospective review of all patients undergoing PD at our institution between 1995 and 2011 was performed. Clinicopathological data, including Clavien-Dindo complication grade,(More)
BACKGROUND In the pancreas, poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinomas include small cell carcinoma and large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma and are rare; data regarding their pathologic and clinical features are very limited. DESIGN A total of 107 pancreatic resections originally diagnosed as poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinomas were(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to characterize patterns of local progression following resection for pancreatic intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMN) using targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS). BACKGROUND Progression of neoplastic disease in the remnant pancreas following resection of IPMN may include development of a new IPMN or(More)
PURPOSE The median survival following surgical resection of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is currently <20 months. However, survival ≥10 years is achieved by a small subset of patients who are defined as very long-term survivors (VLTS). The goal of this study was to determine whether specific genetic alterations in resected PDACs determined very(More)
Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT) is a rare neoplasm. Approximately 50 % of IMTs show an anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) gene fusion resulting in ALK overexpression on immunohistochemistry (IHC). A novel anti-ALK monoclonal antibody (D5F3) has been suggested to be of superior sensitivity to the ALK1 antibody which is currently used. We compared the(More)
BACKGROUND Malignant melanoma only rarely metastasizes to the pancreas. As such, there is limited medical literature on the clinical course and outcomes for patients who have undergone surgical management of these tumors. The aim of our study was to review our experience with the surgical resection of melanoma metastatic to the pancreas. METHODS The(More)