Learn More
Arginine vasopressin functions as a neurochemical signal in the brain to affect social behavior. There is an expanding literature from animal and human studies showing that vasopressin, through the vasopressin 1A receptor (V1A), can stimulate aggressive behavior. Using a novel monocylic beta lactam platform, a series of orally active vasopressin V1a(More)
Colorimetric or potentiometric titration of the aldehyde residues in polyaldehyde dextran by the hydroxylamine hydrochloride/sodium hydroxide method has been found to be a convenient and accurate method to determine formyl content. Nitrogen combustion analyses on the isolated oximes confirmed the titrametric results.
Psoralens and ultraviolet light A (PUVA) are used in the treatment of a variety of epidermal proliferative and inflammatory disorders. These compounds are known to intercalate and photo crosslink DNA. Specific receptor proteins for psoralens have also been identified. We describe a novel activity of a thiol reactive derivative,(More)
Sulfur mustard (SM), a chemical weapon first employed during World War I, targets the skin, eyes, and lung. It remains a significant military and civilian threat. The characteristic response of human skin to SM involves erythema of delayed onset, followed by edema with inflammatory cell infiltration, the appearance of large blisters in the affected area,(More)
Sulfur mustard (SM) is a chemical weapon that targets the skin, eyes, and lung. It was first employed during World War I and it remains a significant military and civilian threat. As a bifunctional alkylating agent, SM reacts with a variety of macromolecules in target tissues including nucleic acids, proteins and lipids, as well as small molecular weight(More)
PURPOSE The goals of this study were (1) to compare the injury at the basement membrane zone (BMZ) of rabbit corneal organ cultures exposed to half mustard (2 chloroethyl ethyl sulfide, CEES) and nitrogen mustard with that of in vivo rabbit eyes exposed to sulfur mustard (SM); (2) to test the efficacy of 4 tetracycline derivatives in attenuating(More)
The radiation sensitizer misonidazole has been linked to the monoclonal antibody 17-1A which recognizes a nonshed antigen of a human gastrointestinal tumor. Linkage was accomplished through a hemisuccinate of misonidazole attached by a mixed anhydride coupling and gave a conjugate whose plasma half-life (for drug cleavage) was ca. 70 h. The degree of(More)
5-thio-D-glucose (5-TDG) exerts profound effects on rapidly metabolizing tissues. We have used liquid scintillation counting to study the tissue distribution and pharmacokinetics of S-35-labeled 5-TDG in hamster models of pancreatic tumors. In the normal hamster, initial uptake of S-35 activity into kidney, liver, and blood was high, but rapidly decreased(More)
The coupling of ellipticine and CI-921, two antineoplastic pharmaceuticals, to polyaldehyde dextran can be carried out under mild reaction conditions with novel acid hydrazides of the parent drugs. The resulting acyl hydrazones resist hydrolytic and enzymatic cleavage and offer a method for drug loading via dextran conjugates to monoclonal antibodies.
A compelling case for the potential utility of vasopressin (AVP) antagonists as a novel therapeutic class for the treatment of stress-related affective illness has emerged based on observations in depressed individuals, findings in animal models of anxiety and depression, and an understanding of changes in hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis(More)