Ned D. Heindel

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Sulfur mustard (SM), a chemical weapon first employed during World War I, targets the skin, eyes, and lung. It remains a significant military and civilian threat. The characteristic response of human skin to SM involves erythema of delayed onset, followed by edema with inflammatory cell infiltration, the appearance of large blisters in the affected area,(More)
Sulfur mustard (SM) is a chemical weapon that targets the skin, eyes, and lung. It was first employed during World War I and it remains a significant military and civilian threat. As a bifunctional alkylating agent, SM reacts with a variety of macromolecules in target tissues including nucleic acids, proteins and lipids, as well as small molecular weight(More)
Arginine vasopressin functions as a neurochemical signal in the brain to affect social behavior. There is an expanding literature from animal and human studies showing that vasopressin, through the vasopressin 1A receptor (V1A), can stimulate aggressive behavior. Using a novel monocylic beta lactam platform, a series of orally active vasopressin V1a(More)
The design and study of two classes of noncompetitive acetylcholinesterase inhibitors (AChEIs) which also function as NSAID prodrugs are reported. The most potent AChEIs disclosed contain an aromatic alkyl-aryl linker between an NSAID and a lipophilic choline mimic and they inhibit acetylcholinesterase (AChE) in the submicromolar range. These agents have(More)
As part of a continuous effort to develop efficient counter measures against sulfur mustard injuries, several unique NSAID prodrugs have been developed and screened for anti-inflammatory properties. Presented herein are three classes of prodrugs which dually target inflammation and cholinergic dysfunction. Compounds 1-28 contain common NSAIDs linked either(More)
Psoralens and ultraviolet light A (PUVA) are used in the treatment of a variety of epidermal proliferative and inflammatory disorders. These compounds are known to intercalate and photo crosslink DNA. Specific receptor proteins for psoralens have also been identified. We describe a novel activity of a thiol reactive derivative,(More)
PURPOSE The goals of this study were (1) to compare the injury at the basement membrane zone (BMZ) of rabbit corneal organ cultures exposed to half mustard (2 chloroethyl ethyl sulfide, CEES) and nitrogen mustard with that of in vivo rabbit eyes exposed to sulfur mustard (SM); (2) to test the efficacy of 4 tetracycline derivatives in attenuating(More)
The radiation sensitizer misonidazole has been linked to the monoclonal antibody 17-1A which recognizes a nonshed antigen of a human gastrointestinal tumor. Linkage was accomplished through a hemisuccinate of misonidazole attached by a mixed anhydride coupling and gave a conjugate whose plasma half-life (for drug cleavage) was ca. 70 h. The degree of(More)
5-thio-D-glucose (5-TDG) exerts profound effects on rapidly metabolizing tissues. We have used liquid scintillation counting to study the tissue distribution and pharmacokinetics of S-35-labeled 5-TDG in hamster models of pancreatic tumors. In the normal hamster, initial uptake of S-35 activity into kidney, liver, and blood was high, but rapidly decreased(More)
Sulfur mustard (bis(2-chloroethyl) sulfide, SM) is a highly reactive bifunctional alkylating agent inducing edema, inflammation, and the formation of fluid-filled blisters in the skin. Medical countermeasures against SM-induced cutaneous injury have yet to be established. In the present studies, we tested a novel, bifunctional anti-inflammatory prodrug (NDH(More)