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After invading human erythrocytes, the malarial parasite Plasmodium falciparum, initiates a remarkable process of secreting proteins into the surrounding erythrocyte cytoplasm and plasma membrane. One of these exported proteins, the knob-associated histidine-rich protein (KAHRP), is essential for microvascular sequestration, a strategy whereby infected red(More)
Blood stages of Plasmodium falciparum export proteins into their erythrocyte host, thereby inducing extensive host cell modifications that become apparent after the first half of the asexual development cycle (ring stage). This is responsible for a major part of parasite virulence. Export of many parasite proteins depends on a sequence motif termed(More)
The DV (digestive vacuole) of the malaria parasite, Plasmodium falciparum, is the site of Hb (haemoglobin) digestion and haem detoxification and, as a consequence, the site of action of CQ (chloroquine) and related antimalarials. However, the precise pH of the DV and the endocytic vesicles that feed it has proved difficult to ascertain. We have developed(More)
Using a stage-specific cDNA library from Plasmodium falciparum we have identified a gene coding for a novel histidine-rich protein (MAHRP-1). The gene is exclusively transcribed during early erythrocyte stages and codes for a small transmembrane protein. The C-terminal region contains a polymorphic stretch of histidine-rich repeats. Fluorescence microscopy(More)
The most deadly of the human malaria parasites, Plasmodium falciparum, has different stages specialized for invasion of hepatocytes, erythrocytes, and the mosquito gut wall. In each case, host cell invasion is powered by an actin-myosin motor complex that is linked to an inner membrane complex (IMC) via a membrane anchor called the glideosome-associated(More)
During intraerythrocytic development, the human malaria parasite, Plasmodium falciparum, establishes membrane-bound compartments, known as Maurer's clefts, outside the confines of its own plasma membrane. The Maurer's compartments are thought to be a crucial component of the machinery for protein sorting and trafficking; however, their ultrastructure is(More)
The commonly used fluorescent probe, fluorescein, can exist in seven prototropic forms. We have used global analysis procedures to reanalyze the absorption data of Diehl and Horchak-Morris (Talanta 34, 739-741, 1987) in terms of five alternative ionization models. We identify the forms of fluorescein present in aqueous solution and the pK a of each(More)
The malaria parasite, Plasmodium falciparum, spends part of its life cycle inside the erythrocytes of its human host. In the mature stages of intraerythrocytic growth, the parasite undertakes extensive remodeling of its adopted cellular home by exporting proteins beyond the confines of its own plasma membrane. To examine the signals involved in export of(More)
After invading human red blood cells (RBCs) the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum remodels the host cell by trafficking proteins to the RBC compartment. The virulence protein P. falciparum erythrocyte membrane protein 1 (PfEMP1) is responsible for cytoadherence of infected cells to host endothelial receptors. This protein is exported across the(More)
During the maturation of intracellular asexual stages of Plasmodium falciparum parasite-encoded proteins are exported into the erythrocyte cytosol. A number of these parasite proteins attach to the host cell cytoskeleton and facilitate transformation of a disk-shaped erythrocyte into a rounded and more rigid infected erythrocyte able to cytoadhere to the(More)