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SHBG levels are frequently low in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and may contribute to increased tissue exposure to free androgens. A (TAAAA)n repeat polymorphism in the promoter of the SHBG gene has been described recently, and its transcriptional activity has been shown to be related to the number of tandem repeats. Recent evidence also(More)
BACKGROUND Insulin resistance is a prominent feature of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), independent of obesity. It is possible that insulin resistance in PCOS is genetically determined. Adiponectin is a protein that modulates insulin action and is regarded as a possible link between adiposity and insulin resistance. The objective of this study was to(More)
BACKGROUND We examined the possible association of adiponectin gene polymorphisms with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and their influence on serum adiponectin and insulin resistance indexes in Greek women with PCOS. METHODS We genotyped samples from 100 women with PCOS characterized with respect to body mass index (BMI), glucose and insulin(More)
CONTEXT Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine disorder of premenopausal women, characterized by hyperandrogenism, polycystic ovaries, and chronic anovulation along with insulin resistance and abdominal obesity as frequent metabolic traits. Although PCOS manifests clinically during adolescence, emerging data suggest that the natural history(More)
OBJECTIVE Sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) is the main transport protein of sex steroids. Recently, it has been found to be produced by granulosa lutein cells, suggesting a local role of SHBG in the ovary. The aim of this study was to investigate whether serum and follicular fluid SHBG levels and SHBG (TAAAA)(n) polymorphism are related to follicle size(More)
The role of estrogen receptor alpha (ER alpha) and estrogen receptor beta (ER beta) gene polymorphisms on semen quality is the aim of our study. One hundred fourteen men were examined in the In Vitro Fertilization Unit of Ioannina Medical School, and it was found that 85 men had normal sperm count and 29 were oligozoospermic. The genotype analysis, on DNA(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the possible contribution of the (TTTA)n polymorphism of aromatase gene (CYP19) to the hyperandrogenic phenotype of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). DESIGN Case-control study. SETTING Endocrine outpatients' clinic of a tertiary university hospital. PATIENT(S) One hundred eighty women with PCOS and 160 healthy controls of(More)
Paraoxonase (PON) is a high-density lipoprotein-associated enzyme that prevents low-density lipoprotein oxidation. PON proteins, localized in the seminiferous tubules and in spermatozoa, have been implicated in the pathogenesis of male infertility. In the present study, we sought to explore the contribution of the PON gene variants to sperm parameters. One(More)
Central adiposity plays an important role in the insulin resistance of the polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) through the dysregulated production of various adipokines. Polycystic ovary syndrome has also been described as a low-grade inflammation state characterized by elevated levels of C-reactive protein (CRP). Furthermore, CRP is a strong independent(More)