Nectaria V. Xita

Learn More
SHBG levels are frequently low in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and may contribute to increased tissue exposure to free androgens. A (TAAAA)n repeat polymorphism in the promoter of the SHBG gene has been described recently, and its transcriptional activity has been shown to be related to the number of tandem repeats. Recent evidence also(More)
BACKGROUND We examined the possible association of adiponectin gene polymorphisms with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and their influence on serum adiponectin and insulin resistance indexes in Greek women with PCOS. METHODS We genotyped samples from 100 women with PCOS characterized with respect to body mass index (BMI), glucose and insulin(More)
The role of estrogen receptor alpha (ER alpha) and estrogen receptor beta (ER beta) gene polymorphisms on semen quality is the aim of our study. One hundred fourteen men were examined in the In Vitro Fertilization Unit of Ioannina Medical School, and it was found that 85 men had normal sperm count and 29 were oligozoospermic. The genotype analysis, on DNA(More)
CONTEXT Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine disorder of premenopausal women, characterized by hyperandrogenism, polycystic ovaries, and chronic anovulation along with insulin resistance and abdominal obesity as frequent metabolic traits. Although PCOS manifests clinically during adolescence, emerging data suggest that the natural history(More)
BACKGROUND Insulin resistance is a prominent feature of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), independent of obesity. It is possible that insulin resistance in PCOS is genetically determined. Adiponectin is a protein that modulates insulin action and is regarded as a possible link between adiposity and insulin resistance. The objective of this study was to(More)
OBJECTIVE Sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) is the main transport protein of sex steroids. Recently, it has been found to be produced by granulosa lutein cells, suggesting a local role of SHBG in the ovary. The aim of this study was to investigate whether serum and follicular fluid SHBG levels and SHBG (TAAAA)(n) polymorphism are related to follicle size(More)
Resistin does not appear to be a major gene predisposing to polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). However, an association of a resistin variant with body mass index was found in women with PCOS, suggesting that resistin may be related to adiposity in PCOS.
OBJECTIVE Insulin resistance is a key factor in the pathogenesis of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Peroxisome proliferator-activated- receptor-gamma (PPAR-gamma) has been implicated in insulin resistance and adiposity. The aim of the study was to investigate the possible involvement of the Pro12Ala polymorphism of the PPAR-gamma gene in the pathogenesis(More)
Follicle stimulating hormone, sex hormone-binding globulin and cytochrome P450 aromatase play crucial roles in the regulation of mammalian reproduction. The synergistic effect of FSHR 307(T/A)/FSHR 680(N/S), SHBG(TAAAA) n and CYP19(TTTA) n genotypes on ovarian response to standard gonadotrophin stimulation of women undergoing medically assisted reproduction(More)
Tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα) is a multifunctional cytokine that regulates various cellular processes related to spermatogenesis. Two types of cell receptors, TNFR1 and TNFR2, mediate TNFα activity. In the present study, we sought to explore the association of TNFα -857C→T, TNFR1 36A→G, and TNFR2 676T→G polymorphisms with sperm concentration and (More)