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OBJECTIVE In this study, our aim was to determine presence of dysfunction in the efferent auditory system of children with type-I diabetes mellitus (DM) presenting no evidence of symptomatic neuropathy. METHODS Thirty children with type-I DM (DM group) and 31 age matched healthy children (control group) with normal hearing and middle ear function were(More)
The adenoidal-nasopharyngeal ratio (ANR) was proposed as a convenient and practical method to evaluate adenoidal enlargement. We analyzed cephalometric radiographs of 150 children divided into 6 subgroups according to clinical assessment (possible adenoidectomy candidates [PACs] and controls) and age. Our purpose was to investigate the predictive(More)
This study aimed to assess mutations in GJB2 gene (connexin 26), as well as A1555G mitochondrial mutation in both the patients with profound genetic nonsyndromic hearing loss and healthy controls. Ninety-five patients with profound hearing loss (>90 dB) and 67 healthy controls were included. All patients had genetic nonsyndromic hearing loss. Molecular(More)
OBJECTIVE This study aimed to evaluate retrospectively the results of experience with end-to-end anastomosis of cranial nerves VII and XII, performed due to transection of the facial nerve during acoustic neuroma removal. METHODS We assessed the facial reanimation results of 33 patients whose facial nerves had been transected during acoustic neuroma(More)
The middle ear of guinea pigs has long been used for experimental studies, but no detailed information about its temporal bone anatomy is available. In 18 adult guinea pigs, the temporal bone, eustachian tube, and inner ear anatomy, in addition to the anatomy of the middle ear, were investigated under the dissection microscope. In addition to properties of(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the importance of endoscopes in eliminating the disadvantage of posterior fossa approach-that is, the lack of adequate visualization obtained of the lateral aspect of the internal acoustic canal (IAC). Over a 10-year period 32 patients underwent removal of acoustic neuroma (AN) via a combined retrosigmoid(More)
OBJECTIVE MESNA is a synthetic sulfur compound that produces mucolysis by disrupting disulfide bonds. This study aimed to address indications and technique of MESNA application in otologic surgery, especially in retraction pockets and adhesive otitis media. METHODS MESNA application was performed in 42 ears of 39 patients. The diagnoses were retraction(More)
OBJECTIVE The endolymphatic sac (ES) is part of the membranous labyrinth of the inner ear. Its central role in immunologic activity within the inner ear has been confirmed by numerous studies. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of histamine receptors (H(1), H(2), H(3)) in the rabbit ES. METHODS A total of 10 healthy male New Zealand(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to present our technique of posterior fossa surgery and to evaluate whether cerebellar retractors are needed. METHODS Since March 1989, more than 500 surgeries were performed through retrosigmoid approach, and our surgical technique was described. The data were evaluated whether or not cerebellar retractors were used(More)
OBJECTIVE To detail our experience in the management of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak following posterior cranial fossa surgery by the retrosigmoid approach. PATIENTS AND METHODS 412 patients who underwent posterior cranial fossa surgery by the retrosigmoid approach for a variety of diseases were included in the study. RESULTS There were 32 CSF leaks(More)