Nearchos Galanakis

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The characteristics of cancellous bone allografts as carriers of moxifloxacin are described. Particles of cancellous bone were compressed into a wire-mesh cylinder and impregnated into a solution of moxifloxacin for different time periods. Five replicas were impregnated for 1 h; another five for 24 h; and another five for 48 h. Impregnated allografts were(More)
A novel biodegradable system of D-,L-dilactide delivering pefloxacin was implanted in 104 rabbits with experimental osteomyelitis caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), 26 serving as controls. Animals were killed on each third day and viable bacterial counts and levels of pefloxacin in bone tissue were determined. A 99. 9% decrease in(More)
The characteristics of cancellous bone allografts as carriers of fusidic acid and teicoplanin are described. Particles of cancellous bone were compressed into a wiremesh cylinder; five replicas were impregnated for one hour into fusidic acid; and another five for one hour into teicoplanin. Elution was estimated daily. Concentrations of fusidic acid and(More)
We evaluated ciprofloxacin, ofloxacin and pefloxacin regimens for the treatment of chronic osteomyelitis due to Gram-negative multiresistant organisms. The study was open, nonrandomized and included 28, 21 and 16 patients, respectively. The 4-fluoroquinolone regimens were 1000 mg, 400 mg and 400-800 mg bd, for a mean duration of 137, 163 and 134 days,(More)
HYPOTHESIS Cephalosporins are widely used and considered to be effective as prophylaxis in biliary surgery. Nevertheless, they lack activity against enterococci. We conducted a study to compare the efficacy of ampicillin-sulbactam vs cefuroxime in preventing surgical site infections following elective cholecystectomy. DESIGN A prospective randomized(More)
Thirty-five patients suffering from soft tissue infections (12), upper UTIs (6), bronchopneumonia (6), septicaemia (2), chronic osteomyelitis (2), intra-abdominal abscess (2), liver abscess (1), lung abscess (1), acute cholangitis (1), thoracic empyema (1) and chronic prostatitis (1) were given imipenem/cilastatin for 6-21 days. In 22 patients several(More)
A case of visceral leishmaniasis in a 26-year-old man with acquired IgA and IgG2 hypogammaglobulinemia, secondary to carbamazepine therapy given because of a previous head injury, is presented. The patient's clinical picture was otherwise typical, although hypogammaglobulinemia resulted in a delay in diagnosis, and response to therapy was excellent. This(More)
The efficacy and safety of ciprofloxacin in the treatment ofPseudomonas aeruginosa infections was evaluated in 72 patients suffering from upper urinary tract infection (19 patients), deep soft tissue infection (16), chronic osteomyelitis (12), abscess (7), chronic otitis media (6), otitis externa (3) and bronchopneumonia (9). Forty-eight patients received(More)
Mycotic artery aneurysms are rare but potentially lethal vascular lesions due to their high risk of rupture. Bacterial endocarditis as well as trauma and inadequate immunity are predisposing factors. Surgery remains the treatment of choice, although alternative methods have been used. We report the first known case of a 6 cm mycotic splenic artery aneurysm(More)
The impact of multidrug resistance to antimicrobials was assessed in a cohort of 243 patients with microbiologically documented infections by a variety of susceptible and multidrug-resistant (MDR) species. Multidrug resistance was defined as resistance to more than two antimicrobial agents of different chemical structure. Cox regression analysis was(More)