Neale D. Ridgway

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A cDNA encoding a cytoplasmic oxysterol binding protein was expressed at high levels by transfection in animal cells. This protein binds oxysterols such as 25-hydroxycholesterol that regulate sterol metabolism by transcriptional and posttranscriptional effects. In the transfected cells, some of the oxysterol binding protein (OSBP) was distributed diffusely(More)
Myristoylated alanine-rich C kinase substrate (MARCKS) and MARCKS-related protein (MRP) have been implicated in membrane-cytoskeletal events underlying cell adhesion, migration, secretion, and phagocytosis. In BV-2 microglial cells, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) elicited a dose-dependent increase in mRNA of both MRP (sixfold) and MARCKS (threefold) with(More)
To determine if neurochemical function might be impaired in cell models with altered cholesterol balance, we studied the effects of U18666A (3-beta-[(2-diethyl-amino)ethoxy]androst-5-en-17-one) on intracellular cholesterol metabolism in three human neuroblastoma cell lines (SK-N-SH, SK-N-MC, and SH-SY5Y). U18666A (< or =0.2 microg/ml) completely inhibited(More)
Protein kinase D (PKD) plays a critical role at the trans-Golgi network by regulating the fission of transport carriers destined for the plasma membrane. Two known Golgi-localized PKD substrates, PI4-kinase IIIbeta and the ceramide transfer protein CERT, mediate PKD signaling to influence vesicle trafficking to the plasma membrane and sphingomyelin(More)
Cholesterol and sphingomyelin (SM) associate in raft domains and are metabolically coregulated. One aspect of coordinate regulation occurs in the Golgi apparatus where oxysterol binding protein (OSBP) mediates sterol-dependent activation of ceramide transport protein (CERT) activity and SM synthesis. Because CERT transfer activity is dependent on its(More)
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-Golgi sterol transfer activity of oxysterol-binding protein (OSBP) regulates sphingomyelin (SM) synthesis, as well as post-Golgi cholesterol efflux pathways. The phosphorylation and ER-Golgi localization of OSBP are correlated, suggesting this modification regulates the directionality and/or specificity of transfer activity.(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA replication involves complex interactions among the 3'x RNA element within the HCV 3' untranslated region, viral and host proteins. However, many of the host proteins remain unknown. In this study, we devised an RNA affinity chromatography /2D/MASS proteomics strategy and identified nine putative 3' X-associated host proteins;(More)
Expression of the protein kinase C substrate MARCKS and other heat-stable myristoylated proteins have been studied in four cultured neural cell lines. Amounts of MARCKS protein, measured by [3H]myristate labeling and western blotting, were severalfold higher in rat C6 glioma and human HTB-11 (SK-N-SH) neuroblastoma cells than in HTB-10 (SK-N-MC) or mouse(More)
Accumulation of phosphatidylserine in the inner leaflet of the plasma membrane is a hallmark of eukaryotes. Sublethal levels of staurosporine and related compounds deplete phosphatidylserine from the plasma membrane and abrogate K-Ras signaling. Here, we report that low-dose staurosporine and related compounds increase sphingomyelin mass. Mass-spectrometry(More)
The reversible association of CTP:phosphocholine cytidylyltransferase α (CCTα) with membranes regulates the synthesis of phosphatidylcholine (PC) by the CDP-choline (Kennedy) pathway. Based on results with insect CCT homologues, translocation of nuclear CCTα onto cytoplasmic lipid droplets (LDs) is proposed to stimulate the synthesis of PC that is required(More)