Neale D Ridgway

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A cDNA encoding a cytoplasmic oxysterol binding protein was expressed at high levels by transfection in animal cells. This protein binds oxysterols such as 25-hydroxycholesterol that regulate sterol metabolism by transcriptional and posttranscriptional effects. In the transfected cells, some of the oxysterol binding protein (OSBP) was distributed diffusely(More)
Sphingomyelin (SM) and cholesterol are coregulated metabolically and associate physically in membrane microdomains involved in cargo sorting and signaling. One mechanism for regulation of this metabolic interface involves oxysterol binding protein (OSBP) via high-affinity binding to oxysterol regulators of cholesterol homeostasis and activation of SM(More)
Oxysterol-binding protein (OSBP) and OSBP-related proteins (ORPs) constitute a large gene family that differentially localize to organellar membranes, reflecting a functional role in sterol signaling and/or transport. OSBP partitions between the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and Golgi apparatus where it imparts sterol-dependent regulation of ceramide transport(More)
Oxysterol-binding proteins (OSBPs) are a family of eukaryotic intracellular lipid receptors. Mammalian OSBP1 binds oxygenated derivatives of cholesterol and mediates sterol and phospholipid synthesis through as yet poorly undefined mechanisms. The precise cellular roles for the remaining members of the oxysterol-binding protein family remain to be(More)
Oxysterol-binding protein (OSBP) is 1 of 12 related proteins implicated in the regulation of vesicle transport and sterol homeostasis. A yeast two-hybrid screen using full-length OSBP as bait was undertaken to identify partner proteins that would provide clues to the function of OSBP. This resulted in the cloning of vesicle-associated membrane(More)
The nucleoplasmic reticulum (NR), a nuclear membrane network implicated in signaling and transport, is formed by the biosynthetic and membrane curvature-inducing properties of the rate-limiting enzyme in phosphatidylcholine synthesis, CTP:phosphocholine cytidylyltransferase (CCT) alpha. The NR is formed by invagination of the nuclear envelope and has an(More)
We recently showed that oxysterol-binding protein (OSBP), one of twelve related PH domain containing proteins with lipid and sterol binding activity, interacts with VAMP-associated protein (VAP)-A on the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). In addition to OSBP, seven OSBP-related proteins (ORPs) bind VAP-A via a conserved E-F/Y-F/Y-DA 'FFAT' motif. We focused on(More)
Oxysterol binding protein (OSBP) translocation between Golgi and vesicular/cytoplasmic compartments is affected by conditions that alter cholesterol and sphingomyelin homeostasis, indicating a role in lipid and sterol regulation in this organelle. In this study, we show that OSBP dissociation from the Golgi apparatus was inhibited when LDL cholesterol(More)
Oxysterol-binding protein (OSBP) is a high-affinity receptor for a variety of oxysterols, such as 25-hydroxycholesterol, that down-regulate cholesterol synthesis and stimulate cholesterol esterification. To examine a potential role for OSBP in regulating cholesterol metabolism, we stably overexpressed this protein in Chinese-hamster ovary (CHO)-K1 cells.(More)
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is an interconnected network of tubular and planar membranes that supports the synthesis and export of proteins, carbohydrates and lipids. Phospholipids, in particular phosphatidylcholine (PC), are synthesized in the ER where they have essential functions including provision of membranes required for protein synthesis and(More)