Nealanjon P Das

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Thirty-one flavonoids were tested for their effects on low Km phosphodiesterase with cyclic AMP as the substrate. Quercetin, luteolin, scutellarein, phloretin and genistein showed inhibitory potencies comparable to or greater than 3-isobutyl-2-methylxanthine (EC50 30-50 microM). Only four compounds namely, catechin, epicatechin, taxifolin and fustin(More)
1. The fate of (+)-[U-(14)C]catechin and (+)-[ring A-(14)C]catechin has been studied in the guinea pig and rat. 2. (+)-[U-(14)C]Catechin was shown to give rise to labelled phenolic acids, labelled phenyl-gamma-valerolactones and (14)CO(2). 3. (+)-[ring A-(14)C]-Catechin did not give rise to labelled phenolic acids, but labelled phenyl-gamma-valerolactones(More)
The in vitro effects of several flavonoids on nonenzymatic lipid peroxidation in the rat brain mitochondria was studied. The lipid peroxidation was indexed by measuring the MDA production using the 2-thiobarbituric acid TBA test. The flavonoids, apigenin, flavone, flavanone, hesperidin, naringin, and tangeretin promoted the ascorbic acid-induced lipid(More)
Oral sodium phosphate (OSP) is a commonly used purgative before colonoscopy. There have been numerous reports of acute phosphate nephropathy attributed to the use of OSP. This study evaluated the association between the use of OSP and acute kidney injury (AKI) in an observational, retrospective, cohort study. Of 9799 patients who underwent colonoscopy and(More)
This paper presents evidence of studies on the effects of the narcotic alkaloids, cocaine hydrochloride, morphine sulfate, and codeine phosphate, on nonenzymatic lipid peroxidation in rat brain mitochondria. These organelles abound in polyunsaturated fatty acids and are thus susceptible to oxidative attack. Lipid peroxidation was indexed mainly by assaying(More)
Gamma linolenic acid (GLA), a polyunsaturated fatty acid, promoted lipid peroxidation in Raji lymphoma suspension cultures, in a dose (10 microM-100 microM) and time-dependent (4 h-48 h) manner. The increase in lipid peroxidation could be correlated to an increase in cytotoxicity. The plant flavonoids (quercetin, luteolin, butein, rutin) and the fat-soluble(More)
Several novel naturally occurring flavonoids and other polyphenols exerted varying degrees of concentration-dependent inhibition on uncharacterized rat liver glutathione S-transferase (EC, GST) isoforms. The order of inhibitory potencies of the five most potent polyphenols was tannic acid > 2-hydroxyl chalcone > butein > morin > quercetin, and(More)
Thirty-three different flavonoids were screened for their ability to influence ATP-dependent Ca2+ uptake by rat liver plasma membrane vesicles. Nine of the flavonoids, at a concentration of 100 microM inhibited Ca2+ uptake by more than 20%. The remaining 24 flavonoids exhibited little or no effect. The relative order of potency of the more biologically(More)
1. The metabolism of flavone has been studied in the guinea pig; after administration of the compound either orally or intraperitoneally, 4'-hydroxyflavone is excreted in the urine. 2. Small amounts of 3',4'-dihydroxyflavone were also detected in the urine after oral administration of flavone. 3. Hydroxyflavone formation is not suppressed by administering(More)