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Species sensitivity distributions (SSDs) are increasingly used to analyze toxicity data but have been criticized for a lack of consistency in data inputs, lack of relevance to the real environment, and a lack of transparency in implementation. This paper shows how the Bayesian approach addresses concerns arising from frequentist SSD estimation. Bayesian(More)
There is generally a lack of saltwater ecotoxicity data for risk assessment purposes, leaving an unknown margin of uncertainty in saltwater assessments that utilize surrogate freshwater data. Consequently, a need for sound scientific advice on the suitability of using freshwater data to extrapolate to saltwater effects exists. Here we use species(More)
The regulation of substances discharged to estuarine and coastal environments relies upon data derived from ecotoxicity tests. Most such data are generated for freshwater rather than saltwater species. If freshwater toxicity data are related to saltwater toxic effects in a systematic and predictable way, the former can be used to predict the latter. This(More)
It is shown that the diagnostics of the stage of woodland soils affected by wildfires and forest cuts can be determined by the evaluation indexes of the range of the scale of abundance of typical ecologic-and-trophic groups of microorganisms (ECTGM), microbiological activity coefficients, reserve and abundance fluctuations, and metabolism. The degree of(More)
It is shown that larch of the prefire generation is the main edificator at the early stages of restorative successions in burned-out areas. Its environment-forming effect manifests itself most strongly in the phytogenic field of living trees, where edaphic conditions similar to those in primary larch forests are formed within ten years after the fire. This(More)
  • N D Sorokin
  • 2009
Microbiological analysis of different elements of the forest ecosystem (soil, leaf-litter) in zones of active anthropogenic (technogenic) impact shows that microbial complexes serve as an instrument of condition diagnosis and monitoring of ground ecosystems. Fluctuations of the number of microorganisms, the scale of the ETGM number, coefficient of(More)
The introduction of Registration, Evaluation and Authorisation of Chemicals (REACH), requires companies to register and risk assess all substances produced or imported in volumes of >1 tonne per year. Extrapolation methods which use existing data for estimating the effects of chemicals are attractive to industry, and comparative data are therefore(More)
This article reports a study of the enzymatic activity of modern and lower soils of the islands and terrace floodplain close to Lobanovskaya Creek in the right bank of the delta of the Selenga River. Environmental conditions determining the variation in enzymatic activity at the sampling sites are addressed. The enzyme activity of the soils of the(More)
The influence of different concentrations (10, 30, 50, 100, 150, 300) of the maximum permissible concentrations of fluoride and sulfide pollutants (Na2SO4, NaF and Na2SO3 + NaF) on highly buffered soils of larch forest of Pogorelskii pine wood in Krasnoyarsk forest-steppe was studied. As a result of the influence of treatment with high concentrations of(More)