Neal S. Peachey

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Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a common cause of blindness in older individuals. To accelerate the understanding of AMD biology and help design new therapies, we executed a collaborative genome-wide association study, including >17,100 advanced AMD cases and >60,000 controls of European and Asian ancestry. We identified 19 loci associated at P <(More)
Response properties of rod and cone systems were assessed in a patient with an acquired form of night blindness associated with a metastatic cutaneous malignant melanoma. The night blindness, a sensation of shimmering lights, and selective reductions in the amplitudes of both rod and cone electroretinographic (ERG) b-waves were present before and after(More)
We executed a genome-wide association scan for age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in 2,157 cases and 1,150 controls. Our results validate AMD susceptibility loci near CFH (P < 10(-75)), ARMS2 (P < 10(-59)), C2/CFB (P < 10(-20)), C3 (P < 10(-9)), and CFI (P < 10(-6)). We compared our top findings with the Tufts/Massachusetts General Hospital genome-wide(More)
On bipolar cells are connected to photoreceptors via a sign-inverting synapse. At this synapse, glutamate binds to a metabotropic receptor which couples to the closure of a cation-selective transduction channel. The molecular identity of both the receptor and the G protein are known, but the identity of the transduction channel has remained elusive. Here,(More)
Mutations in the VMD2 gene cause Best's disease, an inherited form of macular degeneration. The reduction in the light-peak amplitude in the patient's electro-oculogram suggests that bestrophin-1 influences the membrane conductance of the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE). Systemic application of the L-type Ca2+ channel blocker nimodipine reduced the(More)
Inhibition is crucial for normal function in the nervous system. In the CNS, inhibition is mediated primarily by the amino acid GABA via activation of two ionotropic GABA receptors, GABA(A) and GABA(C). GABA(A) receptor composition and function have been well characterized, whereas much less is known about native GABA(C) receptors. Differences in molecular(More)
Neuronal pentraxins (NPs) define a family of proteins that are homologous to C-reactive and acute-phase proteins in the immune system and have been hypothesized to be involved in activity-dependent synaptic plasticity. To investigate the role of NPs in vivo, we generated mice that lack one, two, or all three NPs. NP1/2 knock-out mice exhibited defects in(More)
Disorders of vascular structure and function play a central role in a wide variety of CNS diseases. Mutations in the Frizzled-4 (Fz4) receptor, Lrp5 coreceptor, or Norrin ligand cause retinal hypovascularization, but the mechanisms by which Norrin/Fz4/Lrp signaling controls vascular development have not been defined. Using mouse genetic and cell culture(More)
Glutamate release from photoreceptor terminals is controlled by voltage-dependent calcium channels (VDCCs). In humans, mutations in the Cacna1f gene, encoding the alpha1F subunit of VDCCs, underlie the incomplete form of X-linked congenital stationary night blindness (CSNB2). These mutations impair synaptic transmission from rod and cone photoreceptors to(More)
There are currently no therapies to restore vision to patients blinded by photoreceptor degeneration. This project concerns an experimental approach toward a semiconductor-based subretinal prosthetic designed to electrically stimulate the retina. The present study describes surgical techniques for implanting a silicon microphotodiode array in the cat(More)