Neal R. Smith

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In tissues, collagen forms the scaffold for cell attachment and migration, and it modulates cell differentiation and morphogenesis by mediating the flux of chemical and mechanical stimuli. We are constructing biomimetic environments by immobilizing a collagen-derived high-affinity cell-binding peptide P-15 in three-dimensional (3-D) templates. The(More)
This investigation focused on obtaining a further understanding of the role of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) in tolerance induction. Hearts from C57BL/6 (H-2b) mice survived long-term when transplanted into BALB/c (H-2d) recipients treated with the tolerance-inducing regimen of anti-CD40L antibody (MR-1) plus donor-specific transfusion (DST). Grafts did not,(More)
Although there are many studies available in the literature on time domain modelling of one-dimensional network blood flow, the rheological properties of blood in this modelling framework have often been disregarded through the inviscid assumption. While such a simplification may be suitable for studying the larger vessels of the circulatory system, this(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) are the most potent antigen-presenting cells, yet little data are available on the differential characteristics of donor and recipient DCs (dDCs and rDCs, respectively) during the process of islet allograft rejection. DTR-GFP-DC mice provide a novel tool to monitor DC trafficking and characteristics during allograft rejection. We show(More)
Infection by Plasmodium, the causative agent of malaria, is associated with hemolysis and therefore with release of hemoglobin from RBC. Under inflammatory conditions, cell-free hemoglobin can be oxidized, releasing its heme prosthetic groups and producing deleterious free heme. Here we demonstrate that survival of a Plasmodium-infected host relies strictly(More)
Cartilage formation during embryonic development and in fracture healing in adult animals involves chondrogenic differentiation of mesenchymal precursors. Here we describe an in vitro model whereby human dermal fibroblasts, considered to be restricted to a fibroblast lineage, are apparently redirected toward a chondrogenic phenotype by high density(More)
BACKGROUND Hyperacute and delayed vascular rejection due to natural antibodies (NAb) present major obstacles in pig-to-primate xenotransplantation. Although "supraphysiologic" expression of human complement regulatory proteins (CRPs) can prevent hyperacute rejection in discordant xenogenic recipients, their physiologic role in the homologous setting is(More)
Hamster hearts transplanted into transiently complement-depleted and continuously cyclosporin A (CyA)-immunosuppressed rats survive long-term despite deposition of anti-donor IgM Abs and complement on the graft vascular endothelium. This phenomenon is referred to as "accommodation." The hypothesis tested here is that accommodated xenografts are resistant to(More)
Ischemia/reperfusion injury and delayed graft function (DGF) following organ transplantation adversely affect graft function and survival. A large animal model has not been characterized. We developed a pig kidney allograft model of DGF and evaluated the cytoprotective effects of inhaled carbon monoxide (CO). We demonstrate that donor warm ischemia time is(More)
BACKGROUND We have established that the timing of splenectomy influences the magnitude of the xenoreactive antibody (XAb) response and thus hamster heart survival in cyclosporine (CyA)-treated rats. This model has been used to test our hypothesis that modulation of XAb responses without perturbation of complement may influence the development of graft(More)