Neal R. Pellis

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Utilizing clinostatic rotating wall vessel (RWV) bioreactors that simulate aspects of microgravity, we found phytohemagglutinin (PHA) responsiveness to be almost completely diminished. Activation marker expression was significantly reduced in RWV cultures. Furthermore, cytokine secretion profiles suggested that monocytes are not as adversely affected by(More)
In vitro cell culture models used to study how Salmonella initiates disease at the intestinal epithelium would benefit from the recognition that organs and tissues function in a three-dimensional (3-D) environment and that this spatial context is necessary for development of cultures that more realistically resemble in vivo tissues/organs. Our aim was to(More)
Treatment of whole viable MCA-F murine sarcoma cells from syngeneic female C3H/HeJ mice with a single-phase solution of 2.5% (vol/vol) 1-butanol yielded a crude membrane protein extract without loss of cell viability. 1-Butanol-extracted cells were capable of in vitro proliferation. Variations in extraction conditions significantly influenced not only(More)
Inflammatory adherence to, and locomotion through the interstitium is an improtant component of the immune response. Conditions such as microgravity and modeled microgravity (MMG) severely inhibit lymphocyte locomotion in vitro through gelled type I collagen. We used the NASA rotating wall vessel bioreactor or slow-turning lateral vessel as a prototype for(More)
Tissue engineering of cartilage, i.e., the in vitro cultivation of cartilage cells on synthetic polymer scaffolds, was studied on the Mir Space Station and on Earth. Specifically, three-dimensional cell-polymer constructs consisting of bovine articular chondrocytes and polyglycolic acid scaffolds were grown in rotating bioreactors, first for 3 months on(More)
Space flight is known to induce microgravity-associated immune dysfunction in humans, non-human primates and rodents. To understand the mechanism underlying these defects, several studies in rodents have been conducted in a ground-based antiorthostatic suspension (AOS) model that would mimic the effects of microgravity. In all these in vivo studies that(More)
Immunogenic materials were solubilized from two methylcholanthrene-induced fibrosarcomas using 3 M KCl and were assessed for antigen activity in an immunoprotection assay. Mice which had been pretreated with a single injection of extract (0.1 to 2.0 mg protein) were challenged 10 days later with 10(3), 10(4), or 10(5) tumor cells. Optimal protection, as(More)
There is an increased application of three-dimensional type I rat tail collagen as an in vitro model for the peritumoral matrix in analysis of lymphocyte migration. The increased demand prompted us to modify the previous methods. We here describe our 'mini'-setup of the collagen model assay, which uses only 1/20 the amount of collagen medium and the number(More)
Rabbits imunized with the immunoprotective TSTA fraction partially purified by preparative isoelectric focusing of 3 M KCl extracts from a chemically induced murine sarcoma, MCA-F, produced specific xenoantisera as assessed by an indirect membrane immunofluorescence assay. Only the immunizing tumor, MCA-F, and not the antigenically distinct MCA-D or MCA-T(More)