Ndiko Ludidi

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Guanylyl cyclases (GCs) catalyze the formation of the second messenger guanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cGMP) from guanosine 5'-triphosphate (GTP). While many cGMP-mediated processes in plants have been reported, no plant molecule with GC activity has been identified. When the Arabidopsis thaliana genome is queried with GC sequences from cyanobacteria,(More)
A guanylyl cyclase has been recently identified in Arabidopsis but, despite the use of pharmacological inhibitors to infer roles of the second messenger 3',5'-cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP), very few measurements of actual cGMP levels in plants are available. Here, we demonstrate that cGMP levels in Arabidopsis seedlings increase rapidly (< or =5 s)(More)
An ever increasing amount of transcriptomic data and analysis tools provide novel insight into complex responses of biological systems. Given these resources we have undertaken to review aspects of transcriptional regulation in response to the plant hormone gibberellic acid (GA) and its second messenger guanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cGMP) in(More)
The response of two maize (Zea mays L.) genotypes, named GR (salt-tolerant) and SK (salt-sensitive), to salt stress (150 mM NaCl) was investigated under controlled environmental growth conditions. Genotype SK experienced more oxidative damage than the GR genotype when subjected to salt stress, which corresponded to higher O2 − production rate and H2O2(More)
Ascorbate peroxidase is one of the major enzymes regulating the levels of H2O2 in plants and plays a crucial role in maintaining root nodule redox status. We used fully developed and mature nitrogen fixing root nodules from soybean plants to analyze the effect of exogenously applied nitric oxide, generated from the nitric oxide donor(More)
While there is evidence of nitric oxide (NO)-dependent signalling via the second messenger cyclic guanosine 3',5'-monophosphate (cGMP) in plants, guanylate cyclases (GCs), enzymes that catalyse the formation of cGMP from guanosine 5'-triphosphate (GTP) have until recently remained elusive and none of the candidates identified to-date are NO-dependent. Using(More)
Plant natriuretic peptides (PNPs) belong to a novel class of systemically mobile molecules that are structurally similar to the N-terminal domain of expansins and affect physiological processes such as protoplast volume regulation at nano-molar concentrations. Here we demonstrate that AtPNP-A, a recombinant Arabidopsis thaliana PNP causes rapid H(+) influx(More)
Salinity stress causes ionic stress (mainly from high Na⁺ and Cl⁻ levels) and osmotic stress (as a result of inhibition of water uptake by roots and amplified water loss from plant tissue), resulting in cell death and inhibition of growth and ultimately adversely reducing crop productivity. In this report, changes in root nitric oxide content, shoot and(More)
It was assumed that salt-induced redox changes affect amino acid metabolism in maize (Zea mays L.), and this influence may be modified by NO. The applied NaCl treatment reduced the fresh weight of shoots and roots. This decrease was smaller after the combined application of NaCl and an NO-donor(More)
NO has an important role in the control of plant development, growth, and the response to abiotic stress. In our recent paper it was demonstrated that NO affected the salt-induced changes in free amino acid levels in maize. (1) Since polyamines are synthesized from lysine and arginine, it was supposed that their concentrations are also influenced by NO.(More)