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Both obesity and being underweight have been associated with increased mortality. Underweight, defined as a body mass index (BMI) ≤ 18.5 kg per m(2) in adults and ≤ -2 standard deviations from the mean in children, is the main sign of a series of heterogeneous clinical conditions including failure to thrive, feeding and eating disorder and/or anorexia(More)
Although numerous candidate gene and genome-wide association studies have been performed on blood pressure, a small number of regulating genetic variants having a limited effect have been identified. This phenomenon can partially be explained by possible gene-gene/epistasis interactions that were little investigated so far. We performed a pre-planned(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether associations of common genetic variants recently identified for fasting glucose or insulin levels in nondiabetic adults are detectable in healthy children and adolescents. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS A total of 16 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with fasting glucose were genotyped in six studies of(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a key chemokine involved in tissue growth and organ repair processes, particularly angiogenesis. Elevated circulating VEGF levels are believed to play a role in type 2 diabetes (T2D) microvascular complications, especially diabetic retinopathy. Recently, a genome-wide association study identified two common(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to investigate the difference in the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its components between an Iranian and a French population. METHODS The prevalence of metabolic syndrome, defined according to the Adult Treatment Panel III (ATP III), and of related abnormalities, was estimated in 1,386 French and 1,194 Iranian(More)
OBJECTIVE We assessed the associations of total dairy products; milk, yogurt, and cottage cheese; cheese; and calcium with 5-y changes in components of the metabolic syndrome. METHODS Two hundred eighty-eight men and 300 women 28 to 60 y of age from the suivi temporaire annuel non invasif de la santé des lorrains assurés sociaux (STANISLAS) cohort(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA) is among the most-significant stimulators of angiogenesis. Its effect on cardiovascular diseases and on the variation of related risk factors such as lipid parameters is considered important, although as yet unclear. Recently, we identified four common variants (rs6921438, rs4416670, rs6993770, and rs10738760)(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is implicated in numerous pathologies through complex relationships with cellular adhesion molecules (CAMs) and inflammation markers. These have not been assessed in non-pathological conditions. Our aim was the evaluation of associations between VEGF and CAM/inflammation molecules in a healthy population, and of(More)
Haptoglobin is an acute phase inflammatory marker. Its main function is to bind hemoglobin released from erythrocytes to aid its elimination, and thereby haptoglobin prevents the generation of reactive oxygen species in the blood. Haptoglobin levels have been repeatedly associated with a variety of inflammation-linked infectious and non-infectious diseases,(More)
Genome-Wide Association Studies (GWAS) on cardiovascular diseases and related quantitative traits revealed numerous genetic variants, which however have been partially replicated, probably due to the heterogeneity of the clinical phenotypes and the populations studied. Even if novel biological pathways have been identified through these studies, there is(More)