Nazli B. McDonnell

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OBJECT Chiari malformation Type I (CM-I) is generally regarded as a disorder of the paraxial mesoderm. The authors report an association between CM-I and hereditary disorders of connective tissue (HDCT) that can present with lower brainstem symptoms attributable to occipitoatlantoaxial hypermobility and cranial settling. METHODS The prevalence of HDCT was(More)
OBJECTIVE The pathogenesis of CM-I is incompletely understood. We describe an association of CM-I and TCS that occurs in a subset of patients with normal size of the PCF. METHODS The prevalence of TCS was determined in a consecutively accrued cohort of 2987 patients with CM-I and 289 patients with low-lying cerebellar tonsils (LLCT). Findings in 74(More)
The Notch signaling pathway is critically involved in cell fate decisions during development of many tissues and organs. In the present study we employed in vivo and cell culture models to elucidate the role of Notch signaling in wound healing. The healing of full-thickness dermal wounds was significantly delayed in Notch antisense transgenic mice and in(More)
Nucleocapsid p7 (NCp7) proteins of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) contain two zinc binding domains of the sequence Cys-(X)2-Cys-(X)4-His-(X)4-Cys (CCHC). The spacing pattern and metal-chelating residues (3 Cys, 1 His) of these nucleocapside CCHC zinc fingers are highly conserved among retroviruses. These CCHC domains are required during both(More)
BACKGROUND Marfan syndrome (MFS) is caused by mutations in the fibrillin-1 gene and dysregulation of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta). Recent evidence suggests that losartan, an angiotensin II type 1 blocker that blunts TGF-beta activation, may be an effective treatment for MFS. We hypothesized that dysregulation of TGF-beta might be mirrored in(More)
BACKGROUND Genetic analysis is commonly performed in patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency. STUDY OBJECTIVE The objective of the study was to describe comprehensive CYP21A2 mutation analysis in a large cohort of CAH patients. METHODS Targeted CYP21A2 mutation analysis was performed in 213 patients and 232(More)
Cancer is a disease of ageing. Clinically, aged cancer patients tend to have a poorer prognosis than young. This may be due to accumulated cellular damage, decreases in adaptive immunity, and chronic inflammation. However, the effects of the aged microenvironment on tumour progression have been largely unexplored. Since dermal fibroblasts can have profound(More)
OBJECTIVES There has been debate regarding the safety of performing elective procedures in patients with vascular manifestations associated with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS). The purpose of this study was to review the surgical management and clinical outcomes of EDS patients undergoing vascular procedures at a tertiary medical center with multimodality(More)
BACKGROUND Vascular Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (VEDS) causes reduced life expectancy because of arterial dissections/rupture and hollow organ rupture. Although the causative gene, COL3A1, was identified >20 years ago, there has been limited progress in understanding the disease mechanisms or identifying treatments. METHODS AND RESULTS We studied inflammatory(More)
The highly conserved and mutationally intolerant retroviral zinc finger motif of the HIV-1 nucleocapsid protein (NC) is an attractive target for drug therapy due to its participation in multiple stages of the viral replication cycle. A literature search identified cystamine, thiamine disulfide, and disulfiram as compounds that have been shown to inhibit(More)