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OBJECTIVE To determine the patterns of clinical presentation, lesion topography, and etiology in patients with ischemic stroke limited to the superficial territory of the posterior cerebral artery (s-PCA). METHODS In the Lausanne Stroke Registry (LSR, 1983-1998), we determined the patterns of clinical presentation, lesion topography and mechanisms of(More)
Even though stroke is known to be a common cause of status epilepticus (SE), the types of stroke or SE that may be associated are not yet clearly defined. The aims of this study were to assess the timing and type of SE in stroke patients and to observe the effects of stroke and the type of SE on the response to treatment and mortality. From May 1998 to May(More)
Cardiovascular autonomic functions were investigated in a prospective, controlled study of 22 consecutive relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS) patients and 22 healthy subjects using 5 simple noninvasive tests and sympathetic skin response testing. Tests included the heart rate response to deep breathing, valsalva maneuver and standing, blood pressure(More)
Chorea is a rare complication of polycythaemia vera. Polycythaemic chorea occurs predominantly in females and usually in generalised form. We present a 66-year-old woman with acute onset hemichorea-ballism with no vascular pathology in the basal ganglia region. A clear relationship was observed between the onset of chorea and worsening of haematological(More)
Among 4200 consecutive patients admitted to three hospitals with acute ischemic stroke, we found only 11 patients in whom magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) had proved that they had medial medullary infarction (MMI). In our centers, patients with MMI were less than 1% of those with vertebrobasilar stroke. The infarcts documented by MRI were unilateral in 10(More)
BACKGROUND Electrocardiographic changes are well known to appear with acute cerebrovascular events. OBJECTIVE To investigate if QT dispersion (QTd) is increased in patients who have an acute stroke and if this increase could be related to lesion extent and/or localization. DESIGN The study group consisted of 36 patients who had an acute stroke and no(More)
Refractory status epilepticus (RSE) is known to constitute approximately 10-50% of all cases of status epilepticus (SE) and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. In the present study, data from a prospectively collected SE database were analyzed. Patients with RSE (defined as a SE episode requiring a second line of intravenous treatment(More)
Propranolol and primidone are widely used, effective agents in essential tremor although they are not tolerated by all patients. In the present study, the effectiveness of alprazolam, a triazole analog of benzodiazapine class, and acetazolamide, a carbonic anhydrase inhibitor, were investigated as symptomatic treatments for essential tremor. We studied 22(More)
A 21-year-old man with the diagnosis of paranoid schizophrenia was admitted to our clinic with cervical dystonia developing at the end of the first year of olanzapine therapy. The present case suggests that tardive dystonia in this patient is most likely associated with olanzapine administration as this is the main antipsychotic he received. Regarding the(More)