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Numerous lesion, stimulation and recording studies in experimental animals demonstrate the importance of neurons within the preoptic/anterior hypothalamic area (POA) in the regulation of sleep induction and sleep maintenance. Recently, a discrete cluster of cells in the ventrolateral POA (vlPOA) of rats was found to exhibit elevated c-fos gene expression(More)
A subset of neurons recorded in the magnocellular basal forebrain (mBF) of cats and rats exhibit elevated discharge rates during waking and REM sleep, and diminished discharge during sleep with cortical EEG synchrony (nonREM sleep). This pattern is observed in mBF neurons in cats with identified ascending projections, and in neurons located in cholinergic(More)
Body sensor networks (BSNs) carry heterogeneous traffic types having diverse QoS requirements, such as delay, reliability and throughput. In this paper, we design a priority-based traffic load adaptivemedium access control (MAC) protocol for BSNs, namely, PLA-MAC, which addresses the aforementioned requirements and maintains efficiency in power consumption.(More)
Evidence is summarized for the existence of a sleep-regulating mechanism within the preoptic area of the hypothalamus, including the results of lesion, stimulation, and neuronal recording studies. Recent findings employing the c-fos protein immunohistochemical method, have localized putative sleep-regulatory neurons to the ventrolateral preoptic area(More)
Local warming of the medial preoptic/anterior hypothalamus (POAH) promotes sleep, enhances EEG slow-wave activity during sleep, and suppresses arousal-related discharge in neurons of the midbrain reticular formation (MRF) and the posterior lateral hypothalamic area (PLHa). Another important site of sleep and arousal regulation, and a potential site of POAH(More)
Attended stimuli typically evoke larger event-related potentials (ERPs) than unattended stimuli. We previously reported an exception when an optic-flow pattern is interleaved with stationary dots. Reversals of motion direction evoked a larger N200 peak when attention was directed to the stationary dots. We replicated and further characterized this result:(More)
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