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The giant protein titin forms a unique filament network in cardiomyocytes, which engages in both mechanical and signaling functions of the heart. TTN, which encodes titin, is also a major human disease gene. In this review, we cover the roles of cardiac titin in normal and failing hearts, with a special emphasis on the contribution of titin to diastolic(More)
Phosphorylation of cardiac myofilament proteins represents one of the main post-translational mechanisms that regulate cardiac pump function. Human studies are often limited by the amount of available tissue as biopsies taken during cardiac catheterization weigh only 1 mg (dry weight). Similarly, investigation of time- (or dose-) dependent changes in(More)
In healthy human myocardium a tight balance exists between receptor-mediated kinases and phosphatases coordinating phosphorylation of regulatory proteins involved in cardiomyocyte contractility. During heart failure, when neurohumoral stimulation increases to compensate for reduced cardiac pump function, this balance is perturbed. The imbalance between(More)
AIMS Heart failure (HF) with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Key alterations in HFpEF include increased left ventricular (LV) stiffness and abnormal relaxation. We hypothesized that myofilament protein phosphorylation and function are deranged in experimental HFpEF vs. normal myocardium. Such alterations may(More)
In myocytes, small heat shock proteins (sHSPs) are preferentially translocated under stress to the sarcomeres. The functional implications of this translocation are poorly understood. We show here that HSP27 and αB-crystallin associated with immunoglobulin-like (Ig) domain-containing regions, but not the disordered PEVK domain (titin region rich in proline,(More)
The positive force-frequency relation, one of the key factors modulating performance of healthy myocardium, has been attributed to an increased Ca(2+) influx per unit of time. In failing hearts, a blunted, flat or negative force-frequency relation has been found. In healthy and failing hearts frequency-dependent alterations in Ca(2+) sensitivity of the(More)
BACKGROUND Excessive diastolic left ventricular stiffness is an important contributor to heart failure in patients with diabetes mellitus. Diabetes is presumed to increase stiffness through myocardial deposition of collagen and advanced glycation end products (AGEs). Cardiomyocyte resting tension also elevates stiffness, especially in heart failure with(More)
The present study was designed to investigate if antibodies against beta-adrenergic receptors (betaARs) can be used to determine expression of betaAR in human myocardium. Western blotting was performed to investigate the specificity of antibodies directed against beta(1)AR and beta(2)AR in human left ventricular tissue. A comparison was made between cardiac(More)
High diastolic stiffness of failing myocardium results from interstitial fibrosis and elevated resting tension (F(passive)) of cardiomyocytes. A shift in titin isoform expression from N2BA to N2B isoform, lower overall phosphorylation of titin, and a shift in titin phosphorylation from N2B to N2BA isoform can raise F(passive) of cardiomyocytes. In left(More)
Treatment of diastolic heart failure is divided into acute and chronic management. During acute management, the focus should be treatment of the presenting syndrome, including correction of volume overload, treating hypertension, alleviating ischemia, and controlling tachyarrhythmias. Therefore, acute treatment should include several components: treating(More)