Nazar Elfadil

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This proposal develops the concept of combining a handwritten signature, digital signature, and a smart card into an overall Public Key Infrastructure (PKI). The purpose of this proposed solution is to fulfill the cultural gap between traditional digital signatures and current smart card digital certificate/signature. It is achieved through the integration(More)
In machine learning, a key aspect is the acquisition of knowledge. As problems become more complex, and experts become scarce, the manual extraction of knowledge becomes very difficult. Hence, it is important that the task of knowledge acquisition be automated. This paper proposes a novel method that integrates neural network and expert system paradigms to(More)
This paper discusses the challenges of teaching and design of embedded system course. A survey on different approaches of teaching embedded systems design course was presented. The embedded system design class/course is often the course in which students are exposed to fairly complex design problems. In this study, the authors explained the importance of(More)
Self-organizing maps are an unsupervised neural network model that lends itself to the cluster analysis of high dimensional input data. However, interpreting a trained map proves to be difficult because the features responsible for specific cluster assignment are not evident from resulting map representation. Paper presents an approach for automated(More)
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